Edessa (Έδεσσα), the capital of the prefecture, is built on the plateau between Vermio and Vora, with a view of the plain, abundant vegetation, flower-filled gardens and many water sources. Northeast of the town, at a verdant location with a beautiful view, the famous waterfalls of Edessa can be found. "Edessa" means "city on the water". The name comes from the old Phrygians, who colonized this region even before the Macedonians, in the 9th century B.C. Later, as part of Macedonia, Edessa played an important role as the capital city. Later still, during Roman times, the famous Via Egnatia passed through here. Centuries of natural rock erosion and weather phenomena have created a multitude of bigger and smaller waterfalls that can be admired in today's waterfall park of Edessa. The volume of water from the biggest waterfall, called "Karanos" falls about 70m. You don't expect it, but behind the waterfall there is a little cave that can be investigated by the curious visitor.... At the very top of the falls, they've diverted part of the stream into an attractive garden complete with mini waterfalls, footbridges, and of course flowers. Meanwhile, they've turned other parts of the stream into channels rushing between buildings as well as a cafe. Today the waterfalls are a well-known site of the immensity beaty for whole Greece and all the rest world. Anyone can safety admire the big waterfall named "KARANOS" and the double's. The water falls from 70 meters height and there is a small cave under the rock. The whole area has been upgraded and offers many facilities to the tourists Indicatively, it is reported that there is a tourist information office continiously open as well as the Open Air Water Museum (Industrial Museum with watermills - factories) and a 5* hotel with a convetion center amd other facilities. Located at just 1 ½ hrs by bus from Thessaloniki, the Edessa waterfalls are the most spectacular in the entire country. You can walk beneath the waterfalls, enjoy the views from the bridge over the big waterfall, check out the "Pools" and visit the waterfall park. If you get hungry, don't worry as there is a restaurant within the park as well. All tours are on foot but the hike is not challenging. Under the largest cataract there is a small cave with a chapel dedicated to the Ascension (Analipsi). Five kilometers from here is the village of Agras, which took its name from the Macedonian freedom fighter Tellos Agras. One of Greece's biggest hydroelectrihide. The description was provided by MARIA DITSOU http://www.nileguide.com/destination/edessa-greece-156/things-to-do/kattarrakton/1173859
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.