1 Like

Royal Castel courtyard
Warsaw

The history of the Royal Castle goes back to the fourteenth century when the Great Tower was erected. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries during the reign of Sigismund III Vasa, the Castle underwent large-scale expansion and was transformed into a five-winged edifice with an inner courtyard. It was a royal residence, the place where parliamentary deliberations were held and the administrative and cultural centre of the country. Destroyed in the middle of the seventeenth century during the Swedish Wars, it gradually regained its former magnificence during the reign of the Saxon-Wettin dynasty. In the second half of the eigheteenth century, artists in the employ of Stanislaus Augustus (Jan Christian Kamsetzer, Marcello Bacciarelli, Domenico Merlini) reconstructed the interiors of the chambers, comprising the Great Apartment and the King's Apartment. During the period of the partitions (in the nineteenth century) the major part of the collections of the last Polish king ended up in Russia. After Poland regained its independence, some of the works of art were reinstated to their rightful place in the Castle.

In September 1939 the Castle was bombed by the Germans; however museologists, under the leadership of Professor Stanisław Lorentz, managed to salvage some elements of the interiors and also some of the works of art. In September 1944 the Castle was blown up by the Germany army. In the years 1945-1970, the Communist authorities delayed making a decision on whether to rebuild the Castle. The decision to do so was taken in 1971. Funds for the rebuilding of the Castle which took until 1980 were provided thanks to the dedication of the community.

more...

Copyright: Robert Pipala
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Taken: 21/09/2011
Uploaded: 20/09/2011
Updated: 04/09/2014
Views:

...


Tags: warszawa; royal castle; castle; courtyard; museum; warsaw
comments powered by Disqus

luis davilla
real castle varsaw. poland
PhotoDesigners
Royal Castle
luis davilla
real castle. warsaw
Konrad Łaszczyński
Christmas tree next to the Royal Castle, Warsaw
cotan jacques
Place Zamkowy Varsovie Pologne
Marijan Marijanovic
plac Zamkowy, Warszawa
Jarek Ciszek
Warsaw's Castle Square
Marcin Klaban
Warsaw's Castle Square
luis davilla
real castle place. warsaw. poland
luis davilla
warsaw. old town
Bartek Winnicki
Castle Square
Leszek Cuper
Castle Square, Warsaw, aerial view
Ruediger Kottmann
Paris from the Eiffel Tower
Belmando Poll
Kaledos Alytus Skulptura
Willy Kaemena
Las Vegas - 2014
Mark Peterson
View from the Eiffel tower
Littleplanet.nl - Roelof de Vries
De Rotterdam: Panoramic view from the largest building in Europe
Mohamed Attef
Inside White Whale Rock - White Desert
Andy Bryant
Lac Lerie Plateau Emparis France
Willy Kaemena
Rocky Mountaineer - Gold Leaf Service
dieter kik
Swarm of Bees by the Beehive
Chris Ellenbogen
Tower Top
Travel-Sphere.com
The Bayon. Towers of Smiling Faces [Cambodia]
Imago Mundi
Library of the Convento de Santo Domingo - Century XVI - Lima - Perú
Robert Pipala
Nowa Huta reservoir
Robert Pipala
Warszawa Zapiecek St.
Robert Pipala
Ojcow National Park Museum
Robert Pipala
Szczawne, Orthodox church of the Holy Mother of God
Robert Pipala
Collegiate church in Tum
Robert Pipala
Rogalin Palace #2
Robert Pipala
Krakow - Blonia Park #1
Robert Pipala
Hoszow, Greek Catholic church. St. Nicholas
Robert Pipala
Sobolow, wooden church
Robert Pipala
Białowieza, "Royal Oak Trail" - Oak Olgierd and Kiejstut
Robert Pipala
Rzepedz, Saint Nicholas Church
Robert Pipala
Brzesko, Former "Summer Theatre"
More About Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.