This is the site build in Memory of the 49 people of Paramythia, who were executed by the Nazis during the 2nd World War. On this very spot, on September 29 1943, German soldiers executed 49 citizens of Paramythia and the surrounding villages, in retaliation for the death of 6 German soldiers. They were 49 instead of 60 (10 Greeks for 1 German) because the days before, another 11 Greeks were killed on different locations. They were picked by members of the local Muslim population who were collaborating with the Germans and were the most prominent members of the local society. The names of the victims are engraved in stone. Among them were a priest, the headmaster of the local middle school, and a father and his 16 year old son. The building visible outside the site is the middle school of today. The local football court is also visible.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.