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Xijin Ferry Zhaoguan Stone tower 昭关石塔 (313)
jiangsu

昭关石塔:

      这是一座元代建造的过街石塔。据专家考证,为元武宗海山皇帝命建造元大都白塔寺工匠刘高主持建造。石塔塔基的东西两面都刻有“昭关”两字,故称“昭关石塔”,也有人称之谓观音洞喇嘛塔或瓶塔。

      昭关石塔高约5米,分为塔座、塔身、塔颈、十三天、塔顶五部分,全部用青石分段雕成。昭关石塔塔座分为两层,以“亚”字叠涩法凿成,塔座上有一个复莲座,塔身偏圆,呈瓶状。再向上是亚字形塔颈,又有一个复莲花座,再上面是十三天和仰莲瓣座,仰莲瓣座上有法论,法论背部刻有八宝饰纹,塔顶呈瓶状,特别值得一提的是重修过程中的重大发现:在石塔的塔心室里,意外地发现了两个“曼荼罗”。这两个铜片上的曼荼罗共有九个观音和九个黄财神菩萨,那九个黄财神菩萨手中还抓了九只吐宝鼠。在佛教里面,老鼠是看守金库的,抓住了金库的门卫也就是抓到了钱财,抓到了发财的机会。在昭关石塔里发现的这两个元代曼荼罗,在国内实属罕见。

      除了镇江西津渡古街这座过街石塔外,元代还在北京南口、居庸关、卢沟桥等地建造有过街石塔。可惜现在居庸关石塔仅存塔基部分,南口和卢沟桥过街石塔早已不见踪影。中国文物学会会长罗哲文等全国六位知名专家考古鉴定,一致认为昭关石塔是我国惟一保存完好、年代最久的过街石塔。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8482x4241
Taken: 14/09/2012
Uploaded: 25/09/2012
Updated: 07/08/2014
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Tags: heritage
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Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.