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Ancient Xijin Ferry 古西津渡 (379)
jiangsu

古西津渡:

      玻璃罩下面是2008年考古发现的清代小码头遗址。

      古西津渡始成于三国时期,唐代起具有完备的渡口功能,距今约1400多年的历史。古时候,这里东面有象山为屏障,挡住汹涌的海潮,北面与古邗沟相对应,临江断矶绝壁,是岸线稳定的天然港湾。六朝时期,这里的渡江航线就已固定。规模空前的“永嘉南渡”时期,北方流民有一半以上是从这里登岸的;东晋隆安五年(401年),农民起义军领袖孙恩率领“战士十万,楼船千艘”,由海入江,直抵镇江,战略目标就是“鼓噪登蒜山”,控制西津渡口,切断南北联系,以围攻晋都建业(今南京),后被刘裕率兵打败;公元684年,唐高宗李治驾崩以后,皇后武则天称帝,徐敬业、骆宾王等在扬州发动武装暴动,骆宾王写下传诵千古的著名檄文《为徐敬业讨武曌檄》,一时天下震动。兵败后,徐敬业、骆宾王等渡江“奔润州,潜蒜山下”;宋代,韩世忠曾驻兵蒜山抗御金兵南侵。千百年来,发生在这里的重要战事有数百次之多。

      西津古渡依山临江,风景峻秀,李白、孟浩然、张祜、王安石、苏轼、米芾、陆游、马可•波罗等都曾在此候船登岸,并留下许多为后人传诵的诗篇。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8494x4247
Uploaded: 25/09/2012
Updated: 07/08/2014
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More About jiangsu

Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.