The Yenan attendance north latitude 35°21 ' ~37°31 ', the east longitude 107°41 ' ~110°31 ', north Yulin, south meets the Guanzhong Xianyang, Tongchuan, the Weinan three cities continually, east separates Yellow River and the Shanxi Province Linfen, Lvliang faces one another, west depends on Ziwu Range and the Gansu Province Qingyang is the neighbour. The Yenan ancient name extends the state, is always North Shanxi area politics, the economy, the culture and the military center. The city is in Mt. Baota, Mt. Qingliang, the Pheonix mountains three mountain three-way confrontation, Yan River, place of the Shui river Sichuan river two water connection position, becomes the military commander land that must fight for, has “the borderland pharynx and larynx”, “the military strategic place” the name, is honored as “the three Qin key, five groups front pieces”. Name of the Yenan, beginning stemming from Sui. For State Council first batch announcement nation one of 24 historical cities.
Shanxi, Shaanxi, or referred to Qin, also known as Shaanxi, China's northwest region, a province, the provincial capital Xi'an, located in the hinterland of China, the Yellow River and Yangtze River, located in east longitude 105 ° 29 '~ 111 ° 15', Latitude 31 ° 42 '~ 39 ° 35' between. East of Shanxi, Henan, west of Ningxia, Gansu, south of Sichuan, Chongqing, Hubei, Inner Mongolia, north, connecting China living in east and central region and the northwest and southwest of the important position. Because of the Shan Zhou (now Shan County in Henan Province) west of the, so called Shaanxi. Long history and profound culture. Longer period in the history of Shaanxi Province has been referred to as "Qin. "