on September 1, 1939, the New China Bookstore started doing business officially. Before then, on March 12, 1937 has set up the youth bookstore in the Yenan city. On April 24 publishes "Liberation" the weekly, by the New China Publishing house's name release, the New China Publishing house is located in a Yenan cool Shanxi foothill small rock cave. In June, has set up the brilliance bookstore, located at the Yenan city in west government office lane 9 (concrete position area now Yenan telecommunication building). on June 1, 1939, the Central Committee of the CCP Publication Issue department was founded officially, Li Fuchun was appointed minister, Vice-minister Wang Lin. After the central publication issue department is founded, in the Yenan north gate outside scaling ladder piedmont (area now Yenan Machine shop). On September 1, the New China Bookstore which prepares by the central being published issue department also officially starts doing business in the scaling ladder piedmont. Mao Zedong has painted shop for the New China Bookstore. The bookstore at that time had constructed 7 between one-story houses in the scaling ladder piedmont, takes the retail sales, the staff lives in the halfway up the mountainside earth cave dwelling.
Shanxi, Shaanxi, or referred to Qin, also known as Shaanxi, China's northwest region, a province, the provincial capital Xi'an, located in the hinterland of China, the Yellow River and Yangtze River, located in east longitude 105 ° 29 '~ 111 ° 15', Latitude 31 ° 42 '~ 39 ° 35' between. East of Shanxi, Henan, west of Ningxia, Gansu, south of Sichuan, Chongqing, Hubei, Inner Mongolia, north, connecting China living in east and central region and the northwest and southwest of the important position. Because of the Shan Zhou (now Shan County in Henan Province) west of the, so called Shaanxi. Long history and profound culture. Longer period in the history of Shaanxi Province has been referred to as "Qin. "