Zona Financiera San Isidro, Lima, Peru
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Panoramic photo by Thomas Humeau EXPERT Taken 03:13, 13/03/2010 - Views loading...

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Zona Financiera San Isidro, Lima, Peru

The World > South America > Peru

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Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the ChillónRímac and Lurín rivers, on a coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. It forms a contiguous urban area with the seaport ofCallao. Lima is the 5th–largest city in Latin America, behind São PauloMexico CityBuenos Aires, and Rio de Janeiro.

Lima was founded by SpanishconquistadorFrancisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as La Ciudad de los Reyes, or "The City of Kings." It became the most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peruand, after the Peruvian War of Independence, was made the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lima

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Nearby images in Peru

map

A: San Juan de Arona Park of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 320 meters away

San Juan de Arona Park of Lima

B: shrine of church of Our Lady of Pilar

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.1 km away

shrine of church of Our Lady of Pilar

C: church-of-our-lady-of-pilar

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.1 km away

church-of-our-lady-of-pilar

D: Cave Chapel Our Lady of Pilar

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.1 km away

Cave Chapel Our Lady of Pilar

E: Quinyones Oval of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.6 km away

Quinyones Oval of Lima

F: Nuestra senyora de Gracia Church of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.6 km away

Nuestra senyora de Gracia Church of Lima

G: Mariano Santos Police Monument of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 1.8 km away

Mariano Santos Police Monument of Lima

H: Santa Maria queen church of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 2.1 km away

Santa Maria queen church of Lima

I: Ovalo Gutierrez of Lima

by jose-ignacio-teran, 2.2 km away

Ovalo Gutierrez of Lima

J: Perú National Holidays friends

by Marcelo Miranda, 2.3 km away

Perú National Holidays friends

This panorama was taken in Peru, South America

This is an overview of South America

South America makes up the southern half of the Americas and a large part of Latin America. It's home to the world's longest mountain range, biggest waterfall and largest river -- even these mammoths pale in comparison to the stunning variety of life forms thriving in the rainforest.

To the northwest, off the coast of Ecuador, lie the Galapagos Islands, which are unique for hosting species not found anywhere else on earth. These were the subject of study for Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, which he himself said will require proof in every single case.

The main languages in South America are Spanish and Portugese, which basically tells you which European countries colonized the place. The South American wars of independence took place over two decades in the early 19th century, led by Simon Bolivar of Venezuela and Jose san Martin of Argentina.

Following liberation from Portugal and Spain, South America took off into its own development, capitalizing on the rich deposits of oil, gold, copper, silver and tango musicians.

Brazil is the largest country in South America and home to one of the world's best parties, Carnaval. Have you heard of samba music? How about bossa nova? Maybe dancing for three days straight?

I can't say enough good things about South America. All the world's continents have amazing secrets and treasures laying in wait for your discovery, but in South America... just have a look at our pictures while you're waiting for online confirmation of your plane tickets to hit your inbox.

Text by Steve Smith.

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