The 18th-century Ngoc Son Temple is located on a small island of picturesque Hoan Kiem Lake, in Hanoi, Vietnam. The island is accessible by a wooden bridge. One of many lakes within Hanoi, Hoan Kiem is surrounded by a public park.
This is the historical central area of Hanoi, capital of Hanoi. Hanoi estimated population 3,398,889 (2007), is the capital and second-largest city of Vietnam. From 1010 until 1802, with a few brief interruptions, it was the political centre of an independent Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế during the Nguyen Dynasty as the capital of Vietnam, but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1887 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam.