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Foto panoramica di Mehmet Ozcan EXPERT Scattata 07:26, 19/03/2009 - Views loading...

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niceae lefke gate

The World > Asia > Middle East > Turkey

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In 1204, Byzantine emperor Alexius V Ducas Murtzouphlos fled Constantinople after crusaders invaded the city. Theodore I Lascaris, the son-in-law of Emperor Alexius III Angelus, was proclaimed emperor, but he too fled, to the city of Nicaea in Bithynia, realizing the situation in Constantinople was hopeless. The Latin Empire, which was established by the Crusaders in Constantinople, had poor control over former Byzantine territory, and Byzantine successor states sprang up in Epirus and Trebizond as well as Nicaea, although Trebizond broke away as an independent state a few weeks before the fall of Constantinople. Nicaea, however, was the closest to the Latin Empire and was in the best position to attempt to re-establish the Byzantine Empire. Theodore Lascaris was not immediately successful, as he was defeated at Poemanenum and Prusa in 1204, but he was able to capture much of northwestern Anatolia after the Latin Emperor Baldwin I had to defend against invasions from Kaloyan of Bulgaria. Theodore also defeated an army from Trebizond, as well as other minor rivals, leaving him in charge of the most powerful of the successor states. In 1206, Theodore proclaimed himself emperor at Nicaea.

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Immagini nelle vicinanze di Turkey

map

A: necaea green mouque

di Mehmet Ozcan, 440 metri di distanza

İznik’in doğusunda, Lefke Kapısı yakınında bulunan Yeşil Camiyi Çandarlı Hayrettin Paşa adına Mimar H...

necaea green mouque

B: nicaea green mosque1

di Mehmet Ozcan, 490 metri di distanza

İznik’in doğusunda, Lefke Kapısı yakınında bulunan Yeşil Camiyi Çandarlı Hayrettin Paşa adına Mimar H...

nicaea green mosque1

C: nicaea Seyh Mosque

di Mehmet Ozcan, 490 metri di distanza

Eşrefzade Mahallesi Ali Çandar Sokağı´nın girişinde bulunan cami, II. Bayazit´in oğlu Şehinşah´ın eşi...

nicaea Seyh Mosque

D: nicaea museum square

di Mehmet Ozcan, 510 metri di distanza

In 1204, Byzantine emperor Alexius V Ducas Murtzouphlos fled Constantinople after crusaders invaded t...

nicaea museum square

E: nicaea st sophia

di Mehmet Ozcan, 680 metri di distanza

The Second Council of Nicaea is believed to have been the Seventh Ecumenical Council by Roman Catholi...

nicaea st sophia

F: Agaca Can Veren Can Suyu ve Insana Can Veren Notalar

di Özgür Örsoğlu, 4.7 km di distanza

Agaca Can Veren Can Suyu ve Insana Can Veren Notalar

G: İznik Zeytince Dağ Evi

di Özgür Örsoğlu, 4.8 km di distanza

İznik Zeytince Dağ Evi

H: Nar Photos Fotoğraf Atölyesi (10 Dakika Mola)

di Özgür Örsoğlu, 4.8 km di distanza

NAR Photos fotoğrafçıları 3-4 Mart 2012 tarihleri arasında, İznik Zeytince dağ evinde ziyadesiyle baş...

Nar Photos Fotoğraf Atölyesi (10 Dakika Mola)

I: NAR Photos Fotoğraf Atölyesi / İznik

di Özgür Örsoğlu, 4.8 km di distanza

NAR Photos fotoğrafçıları 3-4 Mart 2012 tarihleri arasında, İznik Zeytince dağ evinde ziyadesiyle baş...

NAR Photos Fotoğraf Atölyesi / İznik

J: İznik Zeytince Dağ Evi

di Özgür Örsoğlu, 4.8 km di distanza

İznik Zeytince Dağ Evi

Questo panorama è stato scattato in Turkey, Middle East

Questa è una vista generale di Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

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