Inside Palace of the Parliament
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Foto panoramica di T. Emrich PRO EXPERT Scattata 22:17, 29/11/2008 - Views loading...

Inside Palace of the Parliament

The World > Europe > Romania > Bucharest

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The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) in Bucharest, Romania is a multi-purpose building containing both chambers of the Romanian Parliament. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the Palace is the world's largest civilian administrative building (The Pentagon is the largest overall), most expensive administrative building, and heaviest building.
The Palace was designed and nearly completed by the Ceauşescu regime as the seat of political and administrative power. Nicolae Ceauşescu named it the House of the Republic (Casa Republicii), but many Romanians call it the People's House (Casa Poporului)

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Immagini nelle vicinanze di Bucharest

map

A: Palace of the Parliament

di Adi Mera, meno di 10 metri di distanza

Palace of the Parliament

B: Meeting of the Romanian Parliament

di Michael Pop, meno di 10 metri di distanza

Meeting of the Romanian Parliament

C: Palace of the parliament (National House) from Bucharest - Romania

di Boldir Victor Catalin, 60 metri di distanza

Ridicata pe o colina artificiala, Casa Poporului are o inaltime de 84m, cuprinde 12 etaje si are o no...

Palace of the parliament (National House) from Bucharest - Romania

D: Palace of the Parliament Hall

di T. Emrich, 60 metri di distanza

Palace of the Parliament Hall

E: House of Parliament Bucharest

di Leca Razvan, 70 metri di distanza

A 360 panorama of a room from the House of Parliament during the evening , with no people inside.

House of Parliament Bucharest

F: The Romanian Parliament

di Michael Pop, 110 metri di distanza

The Romanian Parliament

G: The romanian Parliament at night

di Michael Pop, 300 metri di distanza

The Romanian Parliament Palace in Bucharest at night, which is the world's second largest building af...

The romanian Parliament at night

H: Palace of the Parliament

di Andrei Zdetoveţchi, 310 metri di distanza

Front view of the Palace of the Parliament The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentu...

Palace of the Parliament

I: Constitution Square near the Parliament in Bucharest

di Michael Pop, 320 metri di distanza

Constitution Square near the Parliament in Bucharest

J: Palatul Parlamentului

di Matthias Kunze, 370 metri di distanza

Palatul Parlamentului (the palace of the parliament) was previously known as Casa Poporului (the peop...

Palatul Parlamentului

Questo panorama è stato scattato in Bucharest

Questa è una vista generale di Bucharest

Overview and History

Bucharest, Romania was first mentioned in written history around 1459 AD. Since then it has gradually grown in influence, becoming the capital of Romania in 1862 and even earning the title "Paris of the East" for its cultural magnetism.

The city has a population of about two million people and makes up one of the main industrial centers of eastern europe.

The origin of the name Bucharest comes from the legendary outlaw and prince Bucur. Linguistic roots from Albanian and Thracian languages connect that name to words like "beautiful", "glad" and "joyous."

Bucharest was home to Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler in the 15th century. The city was burned down by the Ottomans in the early 17th century, rebuilt, and ravaged by the Plague over the next two hundred years. Battles between the Ottoman empire and the Austrian Hapsburgs saw Bucharest occupied by Austria and also Russia in the eighteenth century.

In 1861 Wallachia and Moldova were united to form the Principality of Romania with Bucharest as its capital. This new region was occupied by Germany during World War One and saw heavy Allied bombing in World War Two. In the middle of the war, Romania joined the Russian side against Germany, and was bombed again, ths time by the Luftwaffe.

Following the wars, Romania was under Communist leadership by Nicolae Ceausescu. His tenure came with the construction of many large Soviet-style buildings which took over the historic districts of the city. He was overthrown in the 1989 revolution.

The 1991 Constitution established Romania as a republic with a multi-party system, market economy and individual rights of free speech, religion and private ownership.

Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.

Getting There

You'll be flying into Henry Coanda International Bucharest Airport, the biggest airport in Romania. Henry Coanda built the world's first jet powered aircraft, did you know that?

The airport is 16km north of the city and connects by bus, taxi and a shuttle bus to the Gara de Nord, Bucharest's main train station.

Transportation

Bucharest has an extensive public transportation system, one of the largest in Europe. There's a Metro along with buses, minibuses, trams, trolleybuses and light rail. They have limited the number of taxi licenses to ten thousand to keep down the traffic problems.

The main train station is called the Gare de Nord and it connects to all the cities in Romania as well as Belgrade, Budapest, Vinena, Prague and Moscow. The commuter rail line is currently being extended to unite it with surrounding counties.

People and Culture

The currency is the Romanian Leu (RON) which exchanges at about 4.3 RON to the Euro at the time of this writing.

The first known art in Romania dates to 10,000 BC as cave paintings in northwest Transylvania. Pottery from the Neolithic Age (4000 BC) has been found widely, all around the country. Around 2000 BC there was a distinct group of Thracian people here, whom the Greeks referred to as "Getae". The Romans called them "Dacians" and Herotodus described them as ""the fairest and most courageous of men," because they believed in the immortality of the soul and were not afraid to die.

Things to do, Recommendations

Rumor has it that Romania sits on one of the world's strongest magnetic lines, and these are responsible for attracting psychics and... wait for it... VAMPIRES to the area!!!

Many "dracula" tours take place in Romania, including such places as Sighisoara, the Snagoc Monastery, Castle Bran and of course, Curtea Domneasca. These sites are all related to the life of Vlad Tepes, the legendary Count Dracula.

Apart from that, Bucharest is known for its large neoclassical buildings and fashionable parks (in their day). Visit Cismigiu Park, Calea Victoriei street and the Royal Palace for a taste of the architectural history.

Text by Steve Smith.

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