A source of water in the desert, the springs have long been associated with human settlement dating back at least 1000 years with Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiutes living in the area. Latter-day Saint pioneers rediscovered the springs in the late 1850s naming them Pipe Springs and establishing a ranching outfit in the area. Later conflict with the native peoples prompted the fortification of the springs and the building you see here was constructed from the native sandstone of the area.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints subsequently purchased the ranch in the early 1870s to operate as a tithing ranch. Pioneer members of the church, unable to pay their tithe in cash would donate cattle which were raised here. Dairy and meat products were prepared (in rooms at the bottom of the stairs) and then distributed to the church members and the needy. Carts would enter one end of the fort and exit the other, bringing supplies and leaving with meat and dairy goods.
With the invention of the telegraph, Brigham Young had a telegraph placed here (see the wire entering one of the upper rooms). Young women would learn the operation of the telegraph and provide important messaging and news services with the surrounding settlements and communication back to Salt Lake City.
The United States is one of the most diverse countries on earth, jam packed full of amazing sights from St. Patrick's cathedral in New York to Mount Hollywood California.The Northeast region is where it all started. Thirteen British colonies fought the American Revolution from here and won their independence in the first successful colonial rebellion in history. Take a look at these rolling hills carpeted with foliage along the Hudson river here, north of New York City.The American south is known for its polite people and slow pace of life. Probably they move slowly because it's so hot. Southerners tend not to trust people from "up north" because they talk too fast. Here's a cemetery in Georgia where you can find graves of soldiers from the Civil War.The West Coast is sort of like another country that exists to make the east coast jealous. California is full of nothing but grizzly old miners digging for gold, a few gangster rappers, and then actors. That is to say, the West Coast functions as the imagination of the US, like a weird little brother who teases everybody then gets famous for making freaky art.The central part of the country is flat farmland all the way over to the Rocky Mountains. Up in the northwest corner you can find creative people in places like Portland and Seattle, along with awesome snowboarding and good beer. Text by Steve Smith.