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Foto panoramica di John Leith EXPERT Scattata 10:50, 11/07/2011 - Views loading...

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Royal Oak Memorial, St. Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

The World > Europe > Scotland

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This is the Royal Oak Memorial in St. Magnus Cathedral. It commemroates the 833 souls lost when U47 managed to infiltrate Scapa Flow and sink the Royal Oak.

St. Magnus cathedral itself is a Viking cathedral. Construction began in 1137. The completion date is more complicated. it has been altered in many ways both large and small over the years.

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Immagini nelle vicinanze di Scotland

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A: St. Olafs Statue, St Magnus' Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 10 metri di distanza

This shows the memorial to Harald Leslie and the Statue of St. Olaf.St. Magnus' Cathedral is a Viking...

St. Olafs Statue, St Magnus' Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

B: St. Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 10 metri di distanza

Earl Rognvald ordered St. Magnus Cathedral to be built in the 12th century to honour his uncle. It is...

St. Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

C: John Rae Kirkwall Orkney

di John Leith, 20 metri di distanza

This is the memorial to John Rae in St. Magnus Cathedral.John Rae was an arctic explorer and found th...

John Rae Kirkwall Orkney

D: St. Magnus' Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 40 metri di distanza

St. Magnus' Cathedral is a Viking cathedral. Built by Earl Rognvald in honour of his uncle. This was ...

St. Magnus' Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney

E: OISF 2011, Cars, Vintage Rally, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 50 metri di distanza

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Cars, Vintage Rally, Kirkwall, Orkney

F: Vintage Rally, Orkney International Science Festival, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 60 metri di distanza

2010 market the 20th anniversary of the Orkney International Science Festival. The festival is a week...

Vintage Rally, Orkney International Science Festival, Kirkwall, Orkney

G: OISF 2011, Tractors, Vintage Rally, Kirkwall

di John Leith, 70 metri di distanza

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Tractors, Vintage Rally, Kirkwall

H: Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 90 metri di distanza

This wooded area is surrounded by four important buildings. There are the Earl's and Bishop's palaces...

Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

I: OISF 2011, Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 100 metri di distanza

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

J: OISF 2011, Crafts, Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

di John Leith, 110 metri di distanza

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Crafts, Earls Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney

Questo panorama è stato scattato in Scotland, Europe

Questa è una vista generale di Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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