Santa Maria della Salute (Our Lady of Health) is a basilica in Venice, which stands near the Punta della Dogana (Customs Point). It was built as the Church of the Redeemer and the Church of St. Roch, by the inhabitants because of the Venetian plague that decimated the population in 1630.
The nave is octagonal, on which rests a hemispherical dome that is surrounded by six smaller chapels. The sanctuary and the altar predominate over everything else. The group of sculptures on the altar is a Madonna with child, symbolizing health that defends Venice plague. It comes from Crete and was brought to Venice by Francesco Morosini in 1670, when Venice ceded the island to the Turks.
You can see three works by Titian in the ceiling: Death of Abel, Sacrifice of Abraham and David and Goliath. These violent scenes from the Old Testament were painted with extreme realism, which is accentuated due to the prospective vision of the observer. The frescoes, which were considered appropriate bit in his time, were nevertheless much admired and imitated later. They can also meet other works in the sacristy: St. Mark enthroned, with Saints Cosmas, Damian, Sebastian and Roque (1511-12) and The Marriage of Cana (1551).
Each November 21 is celebrated the "Festa della Madonna della Salute" (Feast of Our Lady of Health), in which people cross a pontoon bridge that goes from St. Mark's Square to the Basilica, where they stop to pray . Along with the "Festa dello Redentore" (Feast of the Redeemer), is still one of the most beloved festivals and participatory city.
The facade features a massive gate with four large and towering Corinthian columns. The central body is octagonal with a large hemispherical dome, surrounded by six smaller chapels. The refined spiral volutes stabilize buttresses, and the lantern is crowned by a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Belfry and dome of the lower "Salute", dominating the Rio dei Terà Catecumeni.
The church extends south in the lower volume side of the sanctuary with apses, covering around a lower dome: these elements seem impressive to those who go through the Rio dei Terà Catecumeni, and in the early twentieth century was the only access to land the church. Longhena created thereby taking Palladio solutions, perspectives different from those observed on the Grand Canal of Venice, the Campo della Salute, the Bacino di San Marco, the Giudecca Canal or Rio Terà.
The spacious interior, central plant, is largely illuminated by six windows of the side chapels and large windows of the drum of the dome. The light brings out the polychrome marble pavement.
The presbytery and high altar dominate the set. The group of sculptures on the altar is a Madonna and child, to represent the Health. On the side chapels are paintings by Luca Giordano and Descent of the Holy Spirit by Titian (1555).
Overview and HistoryDo you know why you never like to get out of the bathtub? It's because you wish you were in Venice, that's why.Take one hundred and eighteen salt-marsh islands in the northern Adriatic. Combine them with Roman refugees and a liberal stinking of Visigoth invaders. Shake until well-mixed. Season with Crusaders, international silk trading and seamen of naval warfare. Glaze thickly with castrated Baroque sopranos and finish with a garnish of bridges. Serve on boats.Venice is divided into six districts called "Sistieri" in Italian; that word will come in handy when you're floating hither and yon. They are Cannaregio, San Polo, Dorsoduro, Santa Croce, San Marco, and Castello.Beyond these, there's Lido and Mestre. Lido is a sandbar to the east of Venice with 20,000 permanent residents and 65 tranzillion summer people. In the beginning of the 12th century, thousands of Crusaders were stuck here in Lido when they could not afford to pay transport rates for Venetian ships! See, location really IS everything.On the west side of the Lagoon is Mestre, which has the airport, the buses, the traffic and basically everything else from modern life that you come to Venice to ignore. To be fair, for centuries now Mestre has borne the brunt of the international shipping traffic coming into Porto Marghera, while "Venice" takes all the credit. Typical older sibling.How did it get here? Venice used its location at the top of the Adriatic to become a massive naval and commercial power. By the end of the thirteenth century, trading among the Byzantine Empire and the Muslim countries to the south had made Venice the wealthiest city in Europe.Venice declined in stature from the 15th century. First they lost a war against the Ottoman Empire and then lost a lot of business when a sea route to India bypassed their port. The Plague came in next and wiped out a third of the citizensBut nevermind that! Venice was the center of the musical universe during Opera season. Composers, musicians and mask makers would prepare all year for the orgy of productions that came to Venice during Carnival.Real quick -- opera was an Italian invention for combining Greek tragedies with music, theater and spectacle. It broke out of private royal courts and became a public event as of 1637, supported by a season of ticket sales before Lent. Hence opera season.Pow, zing, wow and instant popularity. Masks were permitted to be worn in public, European dignitaries arrived from everywhere, and this was THE PLACE to be. I mean, like, imagine Louis XIV getting up on stage to prance while the orchestra freaks out and plays the ritornello a few more times until he wants to sit down again. (Orchestras don't really improvise so well).Ever been to the movies? Thank Venice. In fact, to this day a vestige of the operatic tradition remains -- Lido hosts the Venice Film Festival in September of every year. Hint hint, late summer visit, hint hint.Getting ThereVenice is served by the The Marco Polo Airport. Here's an overview of where the airport is in relation to the city.Now it's time to look at that map and start cheering because you can take a BOAT to and from the airport!! Traffic jams do not exist on boats. Maybe some kind of docking delay once in a while, but who's going to complain about that?Thus Venice is yours for the taking (plus ten Euros to the boat operator).The airport is also connected to the city by buses, which regularly run to railway stations Venice-Santa Lucia and Mestre-Venice.You can buy bus tickets at the local tobacco shop or news stand.TransportationPublic transportation in Venice transcends all other people-moving devices on earth. This is how city life should be, enjoyable and relaxed during every instant of the day or night.Where on earth is the metro a primary reason for visiting? Nowhere. Usually it's the primary reason for LEAVING. Let me wipe the sweat of ugly metro-memories from my brow before we go on to this placid paradise.Buses cross the Lagoon Bridge (Ponte della Liberta) and connect to Piazzale Roma, Venice's bus terminal.Vaporetti are the crowded and cheap water buses that connect the canals of the city to the different islands and the lagoon. The Grand Canal is the main thoroughfare in Venice.The Number One vaporetto goes up and down the Grand Canal, making stops in all six Sestieri.Rialto Bridge is one of the three bridges that cross the Grand Canal - the others two are the Accademia Bridge and the Scalzi Bridge. It is dated 1591, a masterpiece of Antonio Da Ponte, after a long story of failures, disappointments, and falling wooden bridges... Calatrava Bridge will be the fourth one.It costs 6.5 Euro for a one hour ticket, so if you're planning to move around a bit it's probably better to get a travelcard. Ride unlimited distance for 12 hours and only pay 14Euros unless you're a dolphin.People and CultureVenice has a rich history and it's all slowly sinking into the sea. By pumping water for industrial uses, Venetians unintentionally removed some of the city's geological foundation. Soft mud, islands and tides did the rest.There are a few plans to remedy this problem, including floating pontoons, pumping water back into the soil around the lagoon, or "moving upstairs."Let's see a few details waiting to be found in Venice.Liuteria Veneziana, creates and repairs violins, guitars and the like.St. Giacometto one of the oldest churches in Venice.Floating fruit market at Ponte dei Pugni Rialto Side "narrow road means good food."Night in Venice is for lovers. Look at that sky!Things to do & RecommendationsVenice has restaurant night life but not disco and club night life. Young people go over to the mainland for that.Requirement: as always, get up as high as you can and have a look around. In Venice, you'll want to go up the San Marco tower.Text by Steve Smith.