Black Sea dwellers
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Foto panoramica di Dashkov Vladimir EXPERT Scattata 09:15, 07/05/2009 - Views loading...

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Black Sea dwellers

The World > Russia > Sochi

Tag: black, sea, sochi, 2014

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The Black Sea on structure and character of allocation of living organisms is very peculiar and is unique. Any sea on the Earth has no sharing on depth on two zones - oxygen (up to depth 150-200 м) and deprive of life hydrosulphuric (below 200 м), abyssal sea 87 % of its body of water.

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Immagini nelle vicinanze di Sochi

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A: Animal Caucasus Mountains

di Dashkov Vladimir, 10 metri di distanza

The abundance of green with a plenty of every possible berries, nut coals is created with favourable ...

Animal Caucasus Mountains

B: archaeological remains in Sochi

di Dashkov Vladimir, 20 metri di distanza

As scientists consider, the Caucasian isthmus owing to a special geographical position from an extrem...

archaeological remains in Sochi

C: Sochi history 1945 - 1985

di Dashkov Vladimir, 30 metri di distanza

Sochi history 1945 - 1985

D: History 1829-1864

di Dashkov Vladimir, 30 metri di distanza

In 1829, after the ending  Russian - turkish war, on Adrianople to the peace treaty, the Black Sea co...

History 1829-1864

E: Rule about settlement 19 centuries

di Dashkov Vladimir, 30 metri di distanza

Rule about settlement 19 centuries

F: Space Exposition

di Dashkov Vladimir, 40 metri di distanza

At an assistance the honoured citizen V.I. Sevast'yanova history Museum of city-resort of Sochi more ...

Space Exposition

G: Germing of a health resort

di Dashkov Vladimir, 40 metri di distanza

Germing of a health resort

H: Sochi in the second world war-time

di Dashkov Vladimir, 50 metri di distanza

The defenders of Sochi served in a destructive battalion from 05.07.1941 - 12.12.1943.

Sochi in the second world war-time

I: WWII - Sochi hospital city

di Dashkov Vladimir, 50 metri di distanza

WWII - Sochi hospital city

J: Tower with hours

di Dashkov Vladimir, 370 metri di distanza

The modern building of railway station is accepted in maintenance of September 10 1952 (architect A. ...

Tower with hours

Questo panorama è stato scattato in Sochi

Questa è una vista generale di Sochi

The first settlers on the territory of Sochi appeared 400-350 thousand years ago in lower Paleolithic age. A plenty of artifacts and archeological monuments were discovered and studied here: caves, open sites, ancient settlements, dolmens, ruins of fortresses and temples, burial grounds and mounds. Archeological works conducted in the area of Sochi denoted the territory as unique in variety, number and concentration of archeological monuments, 200 of which are registered and looked after. Among them are a Roman-Byzantine fortress on the river Godlik, a medieval cathedral in the settlement of Lo’o and etc. 
In the period of 4-1cc BC on the northeast Black Sea coast tribes of Geniokhs inhabited the major part of the area modern Sohi occupies. Aboriginal historical monuments well preserved to our days must be comprehensively studied.
Starting the second half of the 16th century the Caucasus turned into the cockpit for Russia, Turkey and Persia; as the result of the war the Black Sea coast from the mouth of the river Kuban to the fort of Saint Nikolay passed to Russia. Later, in the 19th century several forts were built in Sochi, their ruins are regarded as historical monuments. After the Caucasian war of 1864 the aboriginal population was forced to leave their mother land. Native dwellers were replaced by the Russians, the Ukrainians, the Byelorussians, the Armenians, The Georgians, the Greeks and other nationalities forming a cosmopolite people stock of modern Sochi.
The end of the war marked the beginning of study of the Black Sea coast therapeutic factors. However, Russian government wasn’t able to develop the new lands on its own and, in order to fix the problem, entrepreneurs and businessmen of that time were offered to invest money in the Sochi Region. Russian bourgeoisie saw the true value of the land; that is why so many estates, which used to belong to famous families of the past can still be found in this rich and beautiful land.
An important role in Sochi’s becoming a resort was assigned to the special commission conducting the study, with start in 1898, of the Black Sea coast right from Novorossiysk to Sukhumi. The survey proved that, due to natural resources the Black Sea coast possessed, balneotherapeutic and climatic health resorts could be constructed there.
Sochi got the city status July 31, 1917, when estates of rich Russian noblemen, counts along with imperial mansion Dagomys were determined as a part of the city. In the end of 19 – the beginning of 20cc. the peculiar architecture style of Sochi was being formed. The main principle of the construction implied creation of the city - garden. The architecture style was specified by pavilion-shaped houses special to parks, as architects tried to make the layout of the city and the natural landscape form a perfect whole.
After the revolution of 1917 the city was intensively reconstructed, especially in 1930s. The soviet government sponsored building of numerous sanatoriums, bridges (civil architecture monuments) and other complex facilities. Sochi becomes the all-soviet health resort.
In 1961 Sochi annexed the districts of Adler and Lazarevskoye and, according to the new borders, stretched for over 150 kilometers along the Black Sea coast.
Now Sochi is developing very fast, as it hopes to hold Olympic games-2014.

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