City center Martin
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Foto panoramica di Miroslav Olesnanik EXPERT Scattata 14:44, 24/03/2009 - Views loading...

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City center Martin

The World > Europe > Slovakia

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History of city:
From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The first recorded reference to Martin in written sources is dated to 1264 under the name of Zenthmarton. The settlement was granted the status of a royal town in 1340.

In the turbulent 15th century, Martin suffered from many disasters, for example from the attack of the Hussites in 1433, when the town was burned down. Just 10 years later, it was destroyed again by an earthquake and Martin started to be slowly degraded from royal to the privileged town and under direct influence of the Révay family.

Since the 18th century, Martin became centre of the Turóc county.

The town became the foremost Slovak cultural center in the 19th century. Several cultural institutions (including Slovak Matica and Slovak National Museum) were founded there. Most political activities leading to the Slovak national emancipation in the 19th and early 20th centuries were organized in or from Martin. The town was also industrialized at this time. The first printing works were established in 1869, the furniture factory Tatra nábytok in 1890, and so on.

The town lost some of its importance after Pressburg (today's Bratislava) became the capital of Slovakia in 1919. Today, it is the seat of the Slovak National Library and Slovak Matica.

National Council of the Slovak Republic declared the City of Martin the center of national culture of the Slovaks on August 24, 1994.

taken from Wikipedia

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Immagini nelle vicinanze di Slovakia

map

A: City center Martin

di Miroslav Olesnanik, 80 metri di distanza

History of city:From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hu...

City center Martin

B: City center Martin

di Miroslav Olesnanik, 90 metri di distanza

History of city:From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hu...

City center Martin

C: City center Martin

di Miroslav Olesnanik, 140 metri di distanza

History of city:From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hu...

City center Martin

D: Lutheran Church of St. Martin - Martin

di Slavomír Lapka, 210 metri di distanza

Kostol pochádza z roku 1784 a bol postavený bez veže. Stavba bola doplnená o vstavanú vežu v roku 188...

Lutheran Church of St. Martin - Martin

E: Slovak Matica - Martin

di Slavomír Lapka, 270 metri di distanza

Slovak Matica - Martin

F: Mesto Martin - centrum

di Mikropolis, 400 metri di distanza

Mesto Martin - centrum

G: The Slovak National Museum - Martin

di Slavomír Lapka, 470 metri di distanza

Slovenské národné múzeum v Martine patrí k najstarším a najväčším zložkám súčasného Slovenského národ...

The Slovak National Museum - Martin

H: The National Cemetery in Martin

di Slavomír Lapka, 590 metri di distanza

The National Cemetery, a national cultural monument, was established early in the 19th century, and a...

The National Cemetery in Martin

I: Mansion - Martin-Zaturcie

di Slavomír Lapka, 2.5 km di distanza

Kaštieľ Záturčie je dokonalou symbiózou jednej z najstarších historických stavieb v Turčianskej kotli...

Mansion - Martin-Zaturcie

J: Mansion - Martin-Záturčie

di Slavomír Lapka, 2.6 km di distanza

Mansion - Martin-Záturčie

Questo panorama è stato scattato in Slovakia, Europe

Questa è una vista generale di Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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