0 Likes

Pray Valley Altar 祈谷坛 (1255)
Beijing

祈谷坛

      祈谷坛,建于明永乐十八年(1420年),主要建筑有祈年殿、皇乾殿、东西配殿、祈年门、神厨、宰牲亭、长廊,附属建筑有内外墙、具服台、丹陛桥,内坛墙上东南西北各设天门,西外坛墙设祈谷坛门,内坛东部有七星石。

      祈谷坛的四周围着方形墙,周长659.1米,东、南、西、北四面各有一座券门。在南券门内,有一座形状高大,犹如城门的五间大宫门,上覆蓝色琉璃瓦,下承汉白玉石基台。这就是祈年门,明朝永乐初称为大祀门。

      祈年门是祈年殿院落的正门,为庑殿顶建筑,殿宇五楹,中三间为门,崇基石栏。是中国古代最高等级门制。祈年门的中门供皇天上帝专用,皇帝进出左(东)门,百官进出右(西)门,祈年门为明初原建筑物。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8198x4099
Caricate: 10/01/2014
Aggiornato: 08/08/2014
Numero di visualizzazioni:

...


Tags: altar
comments powered by Disqus

jacky cheng
北京天坛-祈年殿-2-2008
Hung-Chin Wang
天壇 祈年殿
Dxinwei
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈年殿 (1261)
jacky cheng
Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2008
Florian Frey // studiobaff.com
Temple of Heaven / 天坛 /天坛/ Tiāntán/ Northside / facing Temple of Harvest
Dxinwei
White marble Altar of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈谷石坛 (1273)
jacky cheng
The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace-2008
Dxinwei
The Hall of Imperial Zenith 皇乾殿 (1267)
yunzen liu
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Temple of Heave
Dxinwei
Clothes Changing Platform 具服台 (1225)
Dxinwei
Temple of Heaven-East Tianmen 东天门 (1219)
jacky cheng
天坛-丹陛桥-2008
Joby Catto
Standing water inside a former herring oil storage tank at Djúpavík, Iceland
Stefano Gelli
Terme del Corallo - Livorno
made Pasuatmadi
Aerial Kuta, legian and seminyak
zeljko soletic
Villa Stay
Luca Alberigo
Palazzo Carignano, cortile - Torino
jeff requina
Burj Plaza Downtown Dubai
Luis Erantzcani
Night sun at Balandra
Andrea Biffi
Leadenhall in London
Thomas K Sharpless
January Sunset
Tomas Kysela
Hejnice - Pohled na Kostel Navštívení Panny Marie přes Řeku
Bernardo Patino
Ankorwatesferica
zeljko soletic
Racic mausoleum
Dxinwei
Tianmu Lake Sky mirror Memorial arch 堤坝天境 (199)
Dxinwei
Car park 停车场 (295)
Dxinwei
The city of Haining leather海宁皮革城-A座北(211)
Dxinwei
Gaoyou Yucheng Post House 皇華正廰 (199)
Dxinwei
486a Panorama Cube Equi
Dxinwei
Thailand,Japan amorous feelings garden 泰、日风情园 (199)
Dxinwei
Nanxun Ancient-Town Guanghui-Bridge廣惠桥堍 (043)
Dxinwei
1418a Panorama Cube Equi
Dxinwei
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Xicang bridge 西仓桥(229055)
Dxinwei
Cheng Tian gate Square 承天门广场 (457)
Dxinwei
Hu Zongxian Memorial 胡宗宪纪念馆 (769)
Dxinwei
Changxing Ancient Ginkgo Corridor古银杏长廊-八都岕(205)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.