0 Likes

From the top of Tonina's Mayan Pyramid
Mexico

Tonina (or Toniná in Spanish orthography) is a pre-Columbian archaeological site and ruined city of the Maya civilization located in what is now the Mexican state of Chiapas, some 13 km (8.1 mi) east of the town of Ocosingo.


The site is medium to large, with groups of temple-pyramids set on terraces rising some 71 metres (233 ft) above a plaza, a large court for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame, and over 100 carved monuments, most dating from the 6th century through the 9th centuries AD, duiring the Classic period. Toniná is distinguished by its outstanding stucco sculptures and particularly by its in-the-round carved monuments, produced to an extent not seen in Mesoamerica since the end of the much earlier Olmec civilization.

Toniná was an aggressive state in the Late Classic, using warfare to develop a powerful kingdom. For much of its history, Toniná was engaged in sporadic warfare with Palenque, its greatest rival and one of the most important polities in the west of the Maya region, although Toniná eventually became the dominant city in the west.

The city is notable for having the last known Long Count date on any Maya monument, marking the end of the Classic Maya period in AD 909

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonin%C3%A1

View More »

Copyright: Jose Luis Perez
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12502x6251
Caricate: 14/03/2010
Aggiornato: 25/02/2012
Numero di visualizzazioni:

...


Tags:
comments powered by Disqus

Jose Luis Perez
Tonina's Pyramid inner structure
Jose Luis Perez
At Tonina's Mayan Ruins
Jose Luis Perez
Mountains in Chiapas
Dmitry Yurlagin
Mexico 199 road view
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul - Upper Section
Arroz Marisco
Upper Stretch of Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfall
Arroz Marisco
Agua Azul Waterfalls, Chiapas, Mexico
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez
Destruction of the Lacandona Jungle
Martin Hertel
Northern light near Kiruna
Rommel Bundalian
Virgin Island, Panglao, Bohol, Philippines
Neil Creek
Newell Beach, Pre-eclipse 2012
Diego Rodriguez Regalado
Castillo Templario de Ponferrada
Lee ByongSoon(이병순)
Gochang 12107316 panorama
Unkle Kennykoala
Canberra - Weston Park 1
Andrea Biffi
Quadriportico all'ingresso dell'Ospedale Maggiore
Andrea Biffi
Duomo di Novara
MAURICIO RAMIREZ
Mayapo
Arroz Marisco
When Heaven and Earth Merge - Salt Extraction outside Colchani
Thomas Blanket
Cuba, Havana, Fortalezza
Paul Mears
St Mary's Church (Ruin) Tintern
Jose Luis Perez
Sir Edward James' Castle 03
Jose Luis Perez
Coatzacoalcos' Olmec Culture Museum 02
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Chiapa De Corzo 02
Jose Luis Perez
Mexico - Guatemala Border at the International Lagoon
Jose Luis Perez
Pemex Tower
Jose Luis Perez
Queretaro's Sierra Gorda 02
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Ecoturistico Guacamayas 05 Dsc7641
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Grutas De Cacahuamilpa 09
Jose Luis Perez
Near El Salado
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Guadalajara Centro 14
Jose Luis Perez
Borough in Xochimilco 08
Jose Luis Perez
Las Nubes Waterfall from the side
More About North America

North America includes Mexico, the United States, Canada, and Gotham City.The region temporarily existed as a Protectorate of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, with its capital being the city of San Francisco. Sadly, this term of benevolent ebullience lasted a brief two decades and ended c. 1880.The United States is now the dominant country of North America. It arose as a nation only 225 years ago after a successful rebellion against the British government under King George III. From a distance, it appears that the eastern coastlines of North and South America fit exactly into the west coast of Africa. In fact, about 250 million years ago these continents really were all connected in one land mass that we have named Pangaea.With such a foundation in tectonic unity, there is no doubt that someday soon the people on every continent of earth will realize their fundamental similarities. Expect massive leaps in creative output in your area!Text by Steve Smith.