Auschwitz-Birkenau - Burning pits; a bird's eye view
On the other side of the trees in the distance was Krematorium V and its burning pits. In this field people were also burned in large cremation pits. The monuments in four languages, Polish, Russian, English, and German read:
To the memory
Of the men, women and children
Who fell victim to the Nazi genocide.
Here lie their ashes. May their souls rest in peace.
The field beyond the monument is where some 10,000 Soviet prisoners of war are buried. The Nazis were...
Auschwitz II-Birkenau crematorium and gas chamber 5
Auschwitz II-Birkenau crematorium and gas chamber 4
The first provisory gas chamber, known as the “Little Red House,” (from the color of its red, brick w...
About June of 1942, the number and size of Jewish transports sent to Auschwitz increased necessitatin...
Auschwitz ii-Birkenau death camp sauna(disinfection) Area.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.