Possibly the most famous music venue in the world, the Cavern Club on Mathew Street, Liverpool. This is the place where a record store owner (Brian Epstein) saw/heard four young Liverpool lads (one named Pete Best) play in the early sixties, he became their manager and, as the saying goes, the rest is history. Almost everyone has heard of John, Paul, George and Ringo. This panorama shows the wall opposite the Cavern Club, which has the names of the musicians who have played this venue cut into the bricks. You can see many of the world famous performers names almost literally "set in stone" have a look and see if your favourite group/band singer has ever performed at "The Cavern".
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.