Golestan Palace - Iran - Tehran [3]
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Golestan Palace - Iran - Tehran [3]

The World > Asia > Middle East > Iran > Tehran

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Golestan Palace, now a museum, was the residence of several shahs of Iran.  It is infact not a single palace but a complex of several building in a large flower garden (golestan) in Tehran. The main building, with it's state rooms and where the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Pahlavi, was crowned is probably the best known but this smaller building was comfortable living quarters for the royal court. A stream ran beneath it through its vaulted cellar to keep the rooms cool during Tehrans hot summers. Rooms had fireplaces to warm them during winter. As well as the cooling stream was a wind tower to provide cool, fresh air.

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Tehran付近のパノラマ

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A: Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran

Mark Schuster作, ここから30メートル

Golestan Palace, actually a complex of palaces in Tehran was the seat and home of the Kahdja Dynasty ...

Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran

B: Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran [1]

Mark Schuster作, ここから30メートル

This is one of the many palaces in Golestan (flower garden) and contains the state rooms and is where...

Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran [1]

C: Golestan Palace - Iran - Tehran [2]

Mark Schuster作, ここから40メートル

The grand starecase leading to state rooms where foreign dignitories were received. The last Shah of ...

Golestan Palace - Iran - Tehran [2]

D: Talar Salam (Reception Hall)

Sahneh作, ここから60メートル

Talar Salam (Reception Hall) was originally designed to be a museum.  After the Takht-e-Tavoos (Irani...

Talar Salam (Reception Hall)

E: Golostan Palace - Tehran - Iran

Mark Schuster作, ここから70メートル

Golestan Palace, actually a complex of palaces in Tehran, was the seat and home of the Kahdja Dynasty...

Golostan Palace - Tehran - Iran

F: Golestan Palace -Terhran - Iran

Mark Schuster作, ここから90メートル

Golestan Palace, actually a complex of palaces in Tehran was the seat and home of the Kahdja Dynasty ...

Golestan Palace -Terhran - Iran

G: Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran

Mark Schuster作, ここから100メートル

Golestan Palace, actually a complex of palaces in Tehran was the seat and home of the Kahdja Dynasty ...

Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran

H: Golestan Palace - Tehran - Iran

Mark Schuster作, ここから110メートル

Golestan Palace, actually a complex of palaces in Tehran was the seat and home of the Kahdja Dynasty ...

Golestan Palace - Tehran -  Iran

I: Bab Homayoon St

Sahneh作, ここから240メートル

Bab Homayoon St

Bab Homayoon St

J: Tehran, Naserkhosro-01

Sahneh作, ここから250メートル

Tehran, Naserkhosro-01

このパノラマはTehranで撮影されました

これはTehran領域の概要です

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.

Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.

But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.

In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.

The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.

The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."

Getting There

Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.

Transportation

Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.

The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.

Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.

Things to do, Recommendations

Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.

If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.

Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.

Tehran is also full of museums such as:

the Contemporary Art Museum

the Abghine Musuem (glass works)

the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum

the museum of carpets (!!!)

Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures

and most stunning of all,

the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.

Text by Steve Smith.

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