Inside Krafla caldera
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パノラマを撮影したのは Jakub Hruska EXPERT 撮影日 19:45, 06/07/2008 - Views loading...

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Inside Krafla caldera

The World > Europe > Iceland

タグ: volcano, iceland, lake

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Krafla was a mighty volcano once but it is a vast spectacular caldera now. Major fissure zone which runs across it from south to north has produced almost thirty eruptions up to date, last dated between 1975 and 1984 became famous as Krafla fires for its distinctive curtains of lava fountains, expression of basaltic volcanism. For it is very close to earth hell, as the name of Víti crater lake suggests, man tries to tame it and harvest power. You can now therefor admire astounding shapes of Krafla thermal powerplant looking like a science fiction.

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Iceland付近のパノラマ

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A: Standing at Víti crater lake near Krafla vulcano (Iceland).

Jürgen Matern作, ここから300メートル

Víti (which is icelandic for 'hell') is a crater lake in the vulcanic area of the Krafla vulcano. The...

Standing at Víti crater lake near Krafla vulcano (Iceland).

B: Fissure Swarms Krafla Caldera

Jan Vrsinsky作, 2.0kmかなた

This fissure swarm is about 100x10 km (62x6 miles) and consists of approximately 35 eruptive fissures...

Fissure Swarms Krafla Caldera

C: Inside The Krafla Caldera Crater from 1984

Jan Vrsinsky作, 2.2kmかなた

Standing inside the volcano from the eruption in the Krafla Caldera in the year 1984. Lava layers tha...

Inside The Krafla Caldera Crater from 1984

D: Krafla Fissure Eruption Lava Flows from 1977-1984

Jan Vrsinsky作, 2.2kmかなた

Vantage point for observing various lava flows from the fissure eruptions in 1977-1984 in the Krafla ...

Krafla Fissure Eruption Lava Flows from 1977-1984

E: Walking Around The Krafla Caldera Lava Field

Jan Vrsinsky作, 2.2kmかなた

Walking around the Krafla Caldera lava fields from the years 1977-1984. This area is considered the m...

Walking Around The Krafla Caldera Lava Field

F: Leirhnjúkur crater row in Krafla caldera

Jakub Hruska作, 2.3kmかなた

The Leirhnjúkur area is a central volcano in Krafla caldera. One hundred thousand years ago, there wa...

Leirhnjúkur crater row in Krafla caldera

G: Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

Jürgen Matern作, 8.8kmかなた

Hverarönð is a geothermal area east of the mountain Námafjall in the north of Iceland. It is part of ...

Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

H: Fumarole at Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

Jürgen Matern作, 9.0kmかなた

Hverarönð is a geothermal area east of the mountain Námafjall in the north of Iceland. It is part of ...

Fumarole at Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)

I: Steam Vents Hverarond

Marek Koszorek作, 9.0kmかなた

Steam Vents Hverarond

J: Hverarond Geothermal Area

Marek Koszorek作, 9.1kmかなた

Hverarond Geothermal Area

このパノラマはIceland, Europeで撮影されました

これはEurope領域の概要です

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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