Jade Belt Bridge, Summer Palace
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パノラマを撮影したのは Patrick Lee 撮影日 19:55, 03/05/2013 - Views loading...

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Jade Belt Bridge, Summer Palace

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Jade Belt Bridge, Summer Palace

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Beijing付近のパノラマ

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A: Summer Palace,Qing Yan Marble Boat 颐和园-清晏舫 (109)

Dxinwei作, ここから560メートル

清晏舫:      颐和园清晏舫俗称石舫,位于昆明湖的西北部,万寿山的西麓岸边。建于清乾隆二十年(1755年)。船体乃用巨石雕成,全长36米。船上二层白色木结构楼房,都用油漆装饰成大理石纹样,顶部有砖雕...

Summer Palace,Qing Yan Marble Boat 颐和园-清晏舫 (109)

B: Summer Palace, Xing Bridge 颐和园-荇桥 (121)

Dxinwei作, ここから580メートル

荇桥:      1、颐和园荇(Xing)桥,位于石舫西北侧,五圣祠岛与寄澜堂之间的河道上,该河道颐和园内称为“万字河”。荇桥以北为万字河北段,蜿蜒北行,直通“宿云檐”城关。荇桥以南可观望清晏舫石船和昆...

Summer Palace, Xing Bridge 颐和园-荇桥 (121)

C: Summer Palace picture middle reaches

jacky cheng作, ここから670メートル

Summer Palace picture middle reaches: Builds in the Qianlong year, 186 〇 years by the England and Fra...

Summer Palace picture middle reaches

D: Summer Palace,guard stone 颐和园-排衙石 (067)

Dxinwei作, ここから760メートル

排衙石:      排衙石,在排云门两旁除了青铜狮子外,还有十二块太湖石安放于排云门前,此十二座太湖石峰象征着中国的十二地支,又被称为“十二生肖石”。而十二座石峰的平面排列如古代官场排衙形制,“排衙石”...

Summer Palace,guard stone 颐和园-排衙石 (067)

E: Summer Palace - row of cloud gate

jacky cheng作, ここから780メートル

Summer Palace's platoon cloud gate occupies central point of the corridor, is the corridor scenery th...

Summer Palace - row of cloud gate

F: Summer Palace,"Pai Yun" scenery area 排雲景区 (061)

Dxinwei作, ここから790メートル

排云景区:      从远处望去,排云殿与排云牌楼、排云门、金水桥、二宫门连成了层层升高的一条轴线,排云殿这组建筑是颐和园最为壮观的建筑群体。排云殿:      排云殿在万寿山前建筑的中心部位,原是乾隆...

Summer Palace,"Pai Yun"  scenery area 排雲景区 (061)

G: Summer Palace Beijing, just behind the Cloud Dispelling Gate

Henk Keijzer作, ここから790メートル

Summer Palace Beijing, just behind the Cloud Dispelling Gate

Summer Palace Beijing, just behind the Cloud Dispelling Gate

H: Summer Palace-hall of Dispelling Clouds (stone bridge)

jacky cheng作, ここから800メートル

Summer Palace-hall of Dispelling Clouds (stone bridge): hall of Dispelling the Clouds architectural c...

Summer Palace-hall of Dispelling Clouds (stone bridge)

I: Summer Palace-Marbie Screen Wall with Murals

jacky cheng作, ここから800メートル

Summer Palace-Marbie Screen Wall with Murals: Marbie Screen Wall with Murals, the clear Qianlong 19 y...

Summer Palace-Marbie Screen Wall with Murals

J: Summer Palace,Semi-Circular Stone Arch Bridge 颐和园-半璧桥 (133)

Dxinwei作, ここから810メートル

半璧桥:      半璧桥,穿过宿云檐的门洞北行,有一座半圆形的石拱桥,呈南北方向横亘在后溪河上,此桥俗称半璧桥。半壁,顾名思义,就是桥洞半圆的意思。此桥为清漪园时的建筑,桥拱高大,桥下可以通行皇帝的画...

Summer Palace,Semi-Circular Stone Arch Bridge 颐和园-半璧桥 (133)

このパノラマはBeijingで撮影されました

これはBeijing領域の概要です

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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