Kaivokatu, Helsinki, Finland
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パノラマを撮影したのは Tõnis Raid EXPERT 撮影日 11:52, 09/07/2011 - Views loading...


Kaivokatu, Helsinki, Finland

The World > Europe > Finland > Helsinki

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The picture is taken in the middle of Kaivokatu. On one side there is the Central Railway Station, and a shopping center on the other. Very busy place in Helsinki.

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A: Train Station - Exterior

Jeffrey Martin作, ここから30メートル

A real Gotham City - Batman kind of style to this station makes it one of the finer train stations I ...

Train Station - Exterior

B: Main Train Station

Jeffrey Martin作, ここから70メートル

A wonderful art deco building. Here you can get out of the capital on Finland's train service which i...

Main Train Station

C: Helsinki Central Railway Station, Helsinki, Finland

Tõnis Raid作, ここから90メートル

This is Helsinki Central railway station. It was originally opened in 1862 and had only 8 platforms. ...

Helsinki Central Railway Station, Helsinki, Finland

D: Yacht winter storage hall

Jarmo Merikoski作, ここから180メートル

Panorama 360° inside a yacht winter storage hall in Helsinki, Finland.

Yacht winter storage hall

E: Three smiths statue

Rami Saarikorpi作, ここから200メートル

Wiki: The three smiths statue is a sculpture by Felix Nylund, situated in Helsinki in the three smith...

Three smiths statue

F: Rajaton

Rami Saarikorpi作, ここから200メートル

Rajaton band Rajaton on nimensä mukainen kokoonpano sekä musiikillisen taustansa että ohjelmistonsa p...


G: Rajala Pro Shop

Rami Saarikorpi作, ここから280メートル

Rajala Pro Shop

H: Ladies in the Park

Jeffrey Martin作, ここから300メートル

One of the conclusions one may reach fairly quickly about Helsinki is that there are many very beauti...

Ladies in the Park

I: Walk in the forest

Tim Bird作, ここから320メートル

Sunset in the Central Park in Helsinki, Finland

Walk in the forest

J: Helsinki Central Park at sunset

Tim Bird作, ここから320メートル

Pathway through the trees in Helsinki's Central Park

Helsinki Central Park at sunset



History and Overview

Helsinki is the capital of Finland and its largest city, weighing in at nearly 600,000 people. It's located on the south coast of Finland along the Baltic Sea, out of which they pull herring to pickle and eat with delightful mustard sauces.

It all began in 1155AD when Sweden made a crusade to Finland and brought it into the Swedish raelm. The name "Helsinki" is adapted from "Helsingford" which is a Swedish word made from the parish "Helsinge" and "ford" for the rapids running through it.

The city of Helsinki officially dates to 1550AD when it was founded by King Gustav I of Sweden. Its function at that point was to be a trading post in southern Finland and a competitor against Estonia's city of Tallinn, across the gulf of Finland.

Growth was slow in the beginning but in time Helsinki's location came to be of strategic value, especially after Peter the Great moved the capital of Russia from Moscow to St. Petersburg.

Russia invaded Finland during a period called "the Great Wrath" in the early eighteenth century, and Tsar Alexander I moved the capital of Finland farther east to Helsinki -- to make it less susceptible to Swedish influence.

Russia then defeated Sweden and occupied Helsinki, giving the Swedes reason to reinforce the coast with the Suomenlinna fortress. When it was built, it was one of the world's largest dry-docks and was compared to Gibraltar.

This fortress, along with Finland's new semi-autonomous status as a Grand Duchy, allowed Helsinki to develop much more rapidly than it had during the medieval trading period.

The city was completely destroyed by fire in the early 19th century and rebuilding followed the style of St. Petersburg. Helsinki gained architecture worthy of a proper capital, including a University and railroad connections to its provinces and to foreign cities.

With the rise of industrialism Helsinki continued growing and its population reached 100,000 by the start of the 20th century.

Finland declared independence in 1917 and immediately saw a civil war, where Germany came to the aid of Finland and soon drove out the Russian troops.

Helsinki was bombed by Russia during WWII but did not receive as catastrophic a damage as many other cities in Europe.

Finland is one of very few countries to have a continuous record of democratic rule from before WWI to the present. It was the second country in the world in which women gained the right to vote.

Finland hosted the Olympic Games in 1952, joined the United Nations in 1955 and became a member of the European Union in 1995.

Getting There

Helsinki-Vantaa Airport is forty minutes from the city center and you can reach it by bus or taxi. If that doesn't float your boat, take the ferry. You can connect by ferry to Russia, Sweden, Germany, and Estonia. Up until December of 2008 you could take a helicopter across the Gulf of Finland, however, service has been suspended at the moment.


Helsinki is surrounded by several ring roads and throughways for driving, and it's the second most sparsely populated city in Europe (after Brussels.) Driving is not a bad option; look for parking in the underground garages.

For public transportation there are buses, trams, ferries and a metro.

People and Culture

Helsinki is like Anchorage Alaska in terms of daylight. At summer solstice there's nearly perpetual light, with the sun being visible above the horizon for more than nineteen hours. The downside is that in December you get only five hours of sunlight, and the sun barely creeps above horizon level. At winter solstice even daytime is a weird perpetual sunset.

The oldest traditional happening in Helsinki is the Helsinki Baltic Herring Fair. It goes back to 1743 and celebrates a special denomination of herring which are different from the southern oceanic species.

The fair happens in autumn as fisherman gather in the Market Square to sell their herring and fish products -- marinated, pickled, served with dark bread lemon and herbs! Let the song be sung:

"Rugged red hands and faces
Traces of a life of toil
Back again where you barely belong
But welcome, fisherfolk,
Boat-bound in mist
Your herring tailored to every taste
Returned to a city that needs you
Once a year, in October, at least"


Ice fishing? Are you here in the winter? Do you like being outside, I mean really REALLY outside?

Young people, check out the Kontula skatepark to network with punks and metalheads. Finland has a weird death-metal music scene (Suomi anyone?)

Overall, Helsinki has a cool blend of Scandinavian crispness with Russian architecture that mixes eastern and western influences.

Text by Steve Smith.