0 Likes

Ruins of Felix Romuliana at Gamzigrad
Serbia

Imperial palace of Emperor Galerius, the Emperor behind the worst Christian persecutions during the Roman Empire


Category Long Now Locations, Incredible Ruins

Built to commemorate the Emperor's retirement from the throne, the fortified palace of Roman Emperor Galerius was the largest such palace south of the Danube.

Located near Zaječar the complex was built by Emperor Galerius in 298 AD to mark his birthplace. The site was named after his mother, Romula, who was a priestess of a pagan cult. As one of the Tetrarchs, Galerius ruled the empire jointly with three others as either Caesars (junior emperor) or Augusti (senior emperor).

The complex of temples and palaces served as a place of worship of Galerius' mother’s divine personality, a monument to his own deeds as an emperor, and a luxurious villa. Romuliana survived until the 5th century when it was plundered by the Huns. Later the site became a settlement of farmers and craftsmen. It was abandoned at the beginning of the 7th century with the arrival of the Slavs.

A strong supporter of the ancient Roman religious structure, Galerius has been blamed for instigating the Diocletianic Persecution, a series of edicts in 303 AD that eliminated the rights of Christians in the Roman Empire and lead to the widespread persecution of Christian followers. At the end of his life in 311 he publicly announced his regret of the policies. The edicts were officially overturned by Constantine's Edict of Milan in 313.

His final act was an attempt to return home to Romuliana, but he died en route. The Roman historian (and Christian) Eusebius described his agonizing death as God's judgement for his policies. Pursued by a divinely ordained punishment, which began with his flesh and went on to his soul," a rupturing of his bowels left his physicians "unable to endure the overpowering and extraordinary stench."

After his death, his body was brought to Romuliana for burial.

Archaeological excavations on the site revealed the remains of a Roman compound with two temples, two palaces, and a building with corridor including fine mosaics depicting Greek gods Dionysus and Medusa, as well as figural capitals of Hercules, hot baths, basilicas and impressive gates, as well as a collection of Roman gold coins.

Other testaments to Galerius' reign still stand in Thessaloniki, Greece, including the remains of a monumental octopylon (eight-pillared gateway) as well as the Rotunda of Galerius, now the oldest church in Thessaloniki.

Felix Romuliana is now a World Heritage Site.

Text source: http://atlasobscura.com/place/gamzigrad-felix-romuliana-1

Panorama: Panorame Srbije

View More »

Copyright: Saša Stojanović
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10612x5306
送信日: 23/05/2011
更新日: 18/09/2014
見られた回数:

...


Tags: gamzigrad; felix; romuliana; palace; galerius; maximianus; zajecar; serbia; srbija; europe; ruins
comments powered by Disqus

Saša Stojanović
Felix Romuliana
Saša Stojanović
Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana
Saša Stojanović
Gamzigrad - Romuliana - Palace of Galerius
Saša Stojanović
Carska palata - Gamzigrad
Saša Stojanović
Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad - UNESCO
Saša Stojanović
Gamzigrad-Romuliana, entrance gate
Saša Stojanović
City of Zajecar - panoramic view
Saša Stojanović
Zajecar city
Saša Stojanović
City of Zajecar - crossroads
Saša Stojanović
Zajecar city - crossroads in the centre
Boris Mrdja
Suspension bridge
Boris Mrdja
Lazareva pecina-ulaz
Geoff Mather
Lynmouth Harbour Devon England Uk
Christian Laheyne
Hassan II Mosque
Andrea Biffi
Via Mala
Marcio Cabral
Olho D'agua water spring3
Alexander Peskov
Antalya. Lara. Falez Park Rocks
Christian Laheyne
The Hassan II mosque in Casablanca
Trebol-a
Casa del comandante
Henry Alvarez
Tower of Hercules
Ivor Linington
Norwich Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts Spiral 2
Andrea Biffi
Panthéon
Jon Jasper
Tonto Natural Bridge
Vasily Kumaev & Andrew Mishin
Balovnevo. Church. On the roof (2010)
Saša Stojanović
City of Belgrade
Saša Stojanović
View to Pozarevac from the top of Zitostig silo
Saša Stojanović
Karadjordje monument in Topola
Saša Stojanović
Inside Avala tower
Saša Stojanović
Festival nauke 2013.
Saša Stojanović
Kalča
Saša Stojanović
UŠĆE Shopping Center - hall
Saša Stojanović
Ribarska banja (Ribarska spa)
Saša Stojanović
Fair @ Sokobanja 2011.
Saša Stojanović
Relax @ Ozren
Saša Stojanović
Dejan Petrović Big Band @ Most fest 2011
Saša Stojanović
Zlatibor
More About Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.