Likes

The northwest corner tower of the Forbidden City beijing
Beijing

Corner towers of the Forbidden City were established in 1420, rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). As one part of the Forbidden City, they served as the defense facility just as the lofty walls, the gate towers and the moat. The corner towers rest on the base with Buddist-style building surrounded with stone columns. the four corner towers of the Forbidden City inherited the flexibility of the traditional wood structure construction and the skillful combination of the function and decoration indicated the superb and excellent craftsmanship of ancient Chinese craftsman.

The Forbidden City is surrounded by a 7.9 metres high city wall and a 6 metres deep by 52 metres wide moat. The walls are 8.62 metres wide at the base, tapering to 6.66 metres  at the top. These walls served as both defensive walls and retaining walls for the palace. They were constructed with a rammed earth core, and surfaced with three layers of specially baked bricks on both sides, with the interstices filled with mortar.

At the four corners of the wall sit towers with intricate roofs boasting 72 ridges, reproducing the Pavilion of Prince Teng and the Yellow Crane Pavilion as they appeared in Song Dynasty paintings. These towers are the most visible parts of the palace to commoners outside the walls, and much folklore is attached to them. According to one legend, artisans could not put a corner tower back together after it was dismantled for renovations in the early Qing Dynasty, and it was only rebuilt after the intervention of carpenter-immortal Lu Ban.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbidden_City

View More »

Copyright: 刘运增
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10764x5382
送信日: 24/09/2011
更新日: 28/05/2014
見られた回数:

...


Tags: corner towers forbidden city gugong beijing
comments powered by Disqus

jacky cheng
Pony roll river (Imperial Palace)
刘运增
the meridian gate(wumen)北京故宫午门全景
刘运增
beijing Zhongshan Park Classical garden 2—— South gate before the big cypress
刘运增
北京 中山公园 中国古典坛庙园林 3
刘运增
beijing Zhongshan Park Classical garden 1—— the Sunset in the corridor
jacky cheng
Palace of Culture (imperial ancestral temple)
Piotr Sliwinski
Working People's Cultural Palace
jacky cheng
Palace of Culture (big house)
wongchichuen
Forbidden Palace Museum(北京故宮), Beijing
Florian Frey // studiobaff.com
Forbidden City // The Meridian Gate ( 午门)
Ali Barnawi
Forbidden city 05 المدينة المحرمة
jacky cheng
the Meridian Gate(Palace Museum in Beijing)
Robert Mročka
Babi Hora(1725 m.n.m.) - vyhled
Geoff Mather
The Weir Rustic Hut
Marco Calado
Torre de São Lourenço
Jakub Hruska
Harderwijk's harbour
Willy Kaemena
Ponte Dom Luis
George Ng
Paramotor@Pulau Indah
George Ng
Cruising on Putrajaya Lake
benjamin-suzanne
Cap Canaille 3
dieter kik
Mont Saint Michel Finistere France
Stefan Geens
Wadi Daerhu from on high, Socotra, Yemen
Michael Pop
On top of a turkish cargoship
Marco Calado
Pátio Dom Fradique
刘运增
Yellowstone National Park Grand Prismatic Spring USA—— third largest hot spring in the world
刘运增
GenHe city is in the far North of china——The beautiful rosy clouds
刘运增
Shaanxi Xi'an Mt. Huashan 21——South peak height “Landing Wild Geese Peak” 2160 M
刘运增
Bright Summit Peak in Huangshan
刘运增
Beijing Haidian District Beijing Botanical Garden ——Exhibition Greenhouse
刘运增
Chongsheng Temple of Ancient City dali——Overlooking the Erhai at Wanghailou
刘运增
The world geological park taining Fujian China——Golden Lake Ganlu Rock Temple
yunzen liu
Henan Jiaozuo World Geological Park Yuntai Mountain 3——a unique northern karst landforms
刘运增
The first Asian wetland 3——horseshoe island eerguna Inner Mongolia 2011
刘运增
Willis Tower(Sears Tower)Chicago Illinois United States
刘运增
Meizhou Island Putian Fujian China——“Eastern Hawaii” Golden Beach 2
刘运增
Huaiyuan earth building Nanjing Fujian China—— UNESCO World Heritage
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.