The waterfalls of Edessa didn't use to be the same as they are now. Until the end of the 14th century the main volume of the water was held in a small lake in the west of the town. Then the waters (perhaps after a geologic or weather phenomenon) decide to pass the town and to fall thematical from its rock, as a result creating many small rivers and at the same time the lake from where they were from came to an end. Many travellers of the 17th and 18th century describe the picture of the town with arock from which water falls of a lot of waterfalls. For nowadays traveller it would be difficult to understand what happened a few decades ago, when the waterfalls was an unknown place. They were hidden behind high grass, behind irrepressable vegetation, abandonned at the edge of the rock, it was considered to be a venture or even an adventure to walk down the rough paths of those days to watch them ... or to take a picture of them. From 1942 there is a different confrontation of the whole place and the first Germans see it with a touristic and of usage view. Each mornimg the sergeant of the Gestapo Fritz blocked the ways to the square, took away the identity cards of the men and if they wanted to get them back they had to give a hand at the work-site at the waterfalls. So in summer, in 1942, two swimming pools, parterres, flower-stands sprong out of nowhere. We could say now that they were built with an interesting architecture which respects the landscape. After the end of the war, the place was given to the municipality of Edessa and the gardeners looked after it, planted in it many flowers and trees. Then the civil war broke out and the waterfalls were forgotten for same time, except the farmers of "Loggos" district who enjoyed having their bath there. They were hard working people who had never seen the sea, got off their mule and dived into the cold green waters. 1953 was a turning point when a restaurant was finished and opened with the name "PISINES"(=pools) where the people of Edessa could celebrate and enjoy themselves dancing valse, tangos, mambo and jazz. Until the beginning of the 1960's paths were under construction so that the tourists could get to the waterfalls safely that time the places "Belventere" were constructed to have a variety of views. There was an exception however, the desicion of the electric civil service to built another small factory, destroying the waterfalls park and the waterfalls as well. This "Stupid" idea didn't work out because people of the town became stabborn and fought back so they SAVED the waterfalls after many fights, the matter of course and the manifest. Today the waterfalls are a well-known site of the immensity beaty for whole Greece and all the rest world. Anyone can safety admire the big waterfall named "KARANOS" and the double's. The water falls from 70 meters height and there is a small cave under the rock. The whole area has been upgraded and offers many facilities to the tourists Indicatively, it is reported that there is a tourist information office continiously open as well as the Open Air Water Museum (Industrial Museum with watermills - factories) and a 5* hotel with a convetion center amd other facilities http://www.edessacity.gr/tourism/ed800-01_en.htm
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.