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Beijing Old Summer Palace 2——Changchun Park Western Building relics of yuanmingyuan
Beijing

YuanMingYuan, also known as the 'Old Summer Palace' (The Old Summer Palace, known in China as the Gardens of Perfect Brightness )and originally called the Imperial Gardens, was an extremely large complex of palaces and gardens 8 km (5 miles) northwest of the old city wall of Beijing,it is very close to the Summer Palace. YuanMingYuan was constructed during the 18th and early 19th century and was a wonderland of lakes and waterways, bridges, hills and pavilions. Half of the garderns are covered by the waters of lakes, winding streams and ponds. It was at YuanMingYuan that the emperors of the Qing Dynasty resided and handled government affairs - until it was destroyed; the Forbidden City was mostly used only for formal ceremonies at this time. YuanMingYuan was, indeed, a veritable museum of garden construction and horticulture. Known to be one of the largest museums in the world, a popular name in China was the 'Garden of Gardens'.

 the Imperial Gardens were destroyed by British and French troops in 1860 during the Second Opium War. a large number of these collections were plundered by the Anglo-French Allied Forces, at the same time as the Garden was burnt down. Now, most of these historical curiosities are displayed in the other countries' museums, including the British Museum; Bibliotheque Nationale de France; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA; Oslo Museum of Applied Art and so on.
Today, the destruction of the Gardens of Perfect Brightness is still regarded as a symbol of foreign aggression and humiliation in China.

http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/beijing/yuanmingyuan.htm

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