Emaad AL-Doleh Mosque
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Panoramische foto door Mani Jahanshahi EXPERT Genomen 09:08, 03/06/2011 - Views loading...

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Emaad AL-Doleh Mosque

The World > Asia > Middle East > Iran

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This mosque is located in Kermanshah and is a relic from the Qajar period. The primary building of the Emadoddoleh Mosque was constructed in 1285 A.H. This building which has been renovated in subsequent periods is used as a school of religious sciences. The Emadoddoleh mosque has four porches, a portal, courtyard, nocturnal area with columns and various chambers. On the tile work of the porch there is an inscription with the name of Naseredin Shah, the founder, and the date of construction, i.e., 1285 A.H. In the eastern porch of the courtyard is a wooden shelter. The entrance of mosque is through this eastern porch and is connected by a large wooden door to the goldsmith sector of the bazaar.

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Dit panorama is genomen in Iran

Dit is een overzicht van Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

Text by Steve Smith.

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