Niavaran Cultural and Historical Complex
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Panoramische foto door Fariborz Alagheband EXPERT Genomen 05:17, 29/11/2011 - Views loading...

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Niavaran Cultural and Historical Complex

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Niavaran Cultural and Historical Complex

  • Names and titles: Niavaran Garden (King Fatali Ghajar), Niavaran Palace Museum (1987)
  • Built: built in King Fatali Ghajar time
  • Architect/founder: King Fatali Ghajar ordered its construction; later King Mohammad Ghajar, King Naser Aldin Ghajar, and King Mohammad Reza Pahlavi each added some parts to it. Niavaran Palace is designed by Mr. Mohsen Forooghi.
  • Architecture information: This country garden was initially constructed by beautiful tree planting and later completed by Niavaran, Sahebgharanieh, and Ahmad Shahi Kooshk Palaces, each of which is constructed in a special style in harmony with the architecture of Ghajar time.
  • Location: in the foothill of Alborz mountain ranges and in Shemiranat in district one of Tehran megacity
  • Organization: one of the historical centers under the Organization of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism
  • Main activities: All the buildings of Niavaran Palace are now open to the public to visit.

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Panorama's in de omgeving van Tehran

map

A: Shah's Palace Tehran Iran

door Mark Schuster, 20 hier vandaan

The Niavaran Palace on the northern edge of Tehran was the residence of the last Shah of Iran, Mohamm...

Shah's Palace Tehran Iran

B: Shah's Palace Tehran Iran 2

door Mark Schuster, 30 hier vandaan

  The Niavaran Palace on the northern edge of Tehran was the residence of the last Shah of Iran, Moha...

Shah's Palace Tehran Iran 2

C: Niavaran Palace Tehran Iran 3

door Mark Schuster, 30 hier vandaan

  The Niavaran Palace on the northern edge of Tehran was the residence of the last Shah of Iran, Moha...

Niavaran Palace Tehran Iran 3

D: The Sahebqraniyeh Palace

door sina savojbolaghi, 90 hier vandaan

niavaran palace This building is located in Niavaran palace complex that is a historical complex situ...

The Sahebqraniyeh Palace

E: Ahmad Shahi Palace 1

door Fariborz Alagheband, 100 hier vandaan

Ahmad Shahi Palace 1

F: Tehran, Niavaran Palace

door Sahneh, 110 hier vandaan

Tehran, Niavaran Palace

Tehran, Niavaran Palace

G: Shah's Palace Tehran Iran

door Mark Schuster, 150 hier vandaan

A charming building but not the Niavaran palce just one of a number of building in its grounds. The m...

Shah's Palace Tehran Iran

H: Sahebgharanieh Palace 04

door Fariborz Alagheband, 170 hier vandaan

Sahebgharanieh Palace 04

I: Sahebgharanieh Palace 03

door Fariborz Alagheband, 170 hier vandaan

Sahebgharanieh Palace 03

J: Sahebgharanieh Palace 09

door Fariborz Alagheband, 170 hier vandaan

Sahebgharanieh Palace 09

Dit panorama is genomen in Tehran

Dit is een overzicht van Tehran

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.

Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.

But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.

In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.

The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.

The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."

Getting There

Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.

Transportation

Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.

The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.

Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.

Things to do, Recommendations

Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.

If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.

Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.

Tehran is also full of museums such as:

the Contemporary Art Museum

the Abghine Musuem (glass works)

the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum

the museum of carpets (!!!)

Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures

and most stunning of all,

the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.

Text by Steve Smith.

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