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Santa Maria della Salute - Venice
Venice

Santa Maria della Salute (Our Lady of Health) is a basilica in Venice, which stands near the Punta della Dogana (Customs Point). It was built as the Church of the Redeemer and the Church of St. Roch, by the inhabitants because of the Venetian plague that decimated the population in 1630.

The nave is octagonal, on which rests a hemispherical dome that is surrounded by six smaller chapels. The sanctuary and the altar predominate over everything else. The group of sculptures on the altar is a Madonna with child, symbolizing health that defends Venice plague. It comes from Crete and was brought to Venice by Francesco Morosini in 1670, when Venice ceded the island to the Turks.

You can see three works by Titian in the ceiling: Death of Abel, Sacrifice of Abraham and David and Goliath. These violent scenes from the Old Testament were painted with extreme realism, which is accentuated due to the prospective vision of the observer. The frescoes, which were considered appropriate bit in his time, were nevertheless much admired and imitated later. They can also meet other works in the sacristy: St. Mark enthroned, with Saints Cosmas, Damian, Sebastian and Roque (1511-12) and The Marriage of Cana (1551).

Each November 21 is celebrated the "Festa della Madonna della Salute" (Feast of Our Lady of Health), in which people cross a pontoon bridge that goes from St. Mark's Square to the Basilica, where they stop to pray . Along with the "Festa dello Redentore" (Feast of the Redeemer), is still one of the most beloved festivals and participatory city.

The facade features a massive gate with four large and towering Corinthian columns. The central body is octagonal with a large hemispherical dome, surrounded by six smaller chapels. The refined spiral volutes stabilize buttresses, and the lantern is crowned by a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Belfry and dome of the lower "Salute", dominating the Rio dei Terà Catecumeni.

The church extends south in the lower volume side of the sanctuary with apses, covering around a lower dome: these elements seem impressive to those who go through the Rio dei Terà Catecumeni, and in the early twentieth century was the only access to land the church. Longhena created thereby taking Palladio solutions, perspectives different from those observed on the Grand Canal of Venice, the Campo della Salute, the Bacino di San Marco, the Giudecca Canal or Rio Terà.

The spacious interior, central plant, is largely illuminated by six windows of the side chapels and large windows of the drum of the dome. The light brings out the polychrome marble pavement.

The presbytery and high altar dominate the set. The group of sculptures on the altar is a Madonna and child, to represent the Health. On the side chapels are paintings by Luca Giordano and Descent of the Holy Spirit by Titian (1555).

http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bas%C3%ADlica_de_Santa_Maria_della_Salute

Copyright: Fernando ivan dos reis
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Geüpload: 05/07/2012
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Tags: santa maria della salute; venice; veneza; venezia
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