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Shanghai Sun Yat-Sen former dwelling
Shanghai

The Shanghai Sun Yat-Sen former dwelling, after Morley loves the road (, translates the Moliere road) 29 (now fragrant mountain road 7). The Republic of China 7 years (in 1918) from June 26th to 1924 November 21, Sun Yat-Sen and Madame Song Qingling occupied this. After Sun Yat-Sen passed away, Song Qingling occupied to 1937.


the former dwelling constructs at 20 shiji chu, is two story of western-style buildings, facing south, area 1013 square meters, floor space 452 square meters. The outer wall plays the part of by the pessimistic pebbles, the roof bedding carmine chicken heart tile. Before the building, the square lawn, three circles by trees flower gardens and so on Chinese ilex, fragrant camphor tree and magnolia. The Republic of China 7 years, 4 Canadian overseas Chinese buy present as a gift Sun Yat-Sen. Once mortgaged for the collection revolution funds gives the bank, redeems by several overseas Chinese. 

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Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 5730x2865
Geüpload: 25/02/2009
Geüpdatet: 18/06/2014
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Tags: shanghai; sun yat-sen; former; dwelling; china
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After the nearby Wusong river filled with silt, Shanghai found a niche as a shipping port and attracted a much wider range of traffickers.The town of Shanghai was officially established in 1267 AD amidst a swarm of merchant ships doing business. It became one of only seven maritime shipping headquarters in the whole of China.Industrial development of cotton and textiles combined with the transportation capacity of the port to make Shanghai into the largest cotton producer in the country. International trade began along with the carriage trade along the Yangtze River.A Customs Office was established in 1685 to collect import taxes in response to the growing arrival of foreign ships. By the nineteenth century Shanghai was a paradise of international trade in textiles, porcelain and industrial raw materials with a large service economy of banking, printing, architecture and pharmaceuticals.This set the stage for the Opium Wars of the nineteenth Century. The British were doing a booming business taking opium from India and selling it in China, to offset their transportation costs of whatever they wanted to bring back from the "far east." They were annoyed at both the high Chinese import taxes and the prohibition of opium import in the middle of this "Adventurer's Paradise".Understandably, the Chinese didn't like drug-dealing foreigners turning all their people into addicts! Opium was first used in its medical capacity for stopping diarrhea, but the pharmacists of the day prescribed it everywhere in the world as a cure-all for almost any symptom. By the seventeenth century, thousands of Chinese opium addicts along with a serious smuggling trade had arrived in China's cities. This was the fundamental conflict that led to the Opium Wars of the 1840's and 50's.Bang! The British had the naval power, China had the ports and desirable location. In the end, a series of treaties left Britain with Hong Kong and China with limitations on how they could rule even their own territory! Other ports and borders were soon opened to international trade and the precedent for the next one hundred years was set. This period is referred to by the Chinese as the time of unequal treaties; their amazing economic growth in recent years is a testament to their long memory of it.The twentieth century found Shanghai still growing with modern industry and improved production techniques in its factories. The Republic of China was founded in 1912 and in 1927 Shanghai was proclaimed to be a special municipality. It had a Chinese Section, the International Settlement and the French Concession.Japanese airplanes bombed Shanghai in 1932 and occupied the city as of 1937. They stayed until 1945 when, at the close of WWII, the Communist Party of China regained control of Shanghai. When the Communist party took over in 1949 and closed the borders to foreign investment, the economic development of Shanghai slowed dramatically. Most foreign investors withdrew and moved their offices to Hong Kong. The People's Republic of China ended Shanghai's status as the most cosmopolitan city in China.Getting ThereFly into Shanghai at one of its two airports, Pudong or Hongqiao. The Pudong airport is connected to the city via the world's first maglev train -- that's a magnetic levitation system where the train doesn't have wheels. It covers the 30km distance in a matter of seven minutes, whooooosh!TransportationPublic transportation within Shanghai is extensive and well-developed. There are buses, trolleys, taxis and a growing metro system. Their version of a monthly pass is the Shanghai Public Transportation Card. It uses radio frequencies to communicate with the scanner without any physical contact! 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