the Double Ringed Pavilion in TianTa...
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Panoramische foto door yunzen liu PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Genomen 08:26, 09/11/2007 - Views loading...

the Double Ringed Pavilion in TianTan (Temple of Heaven in beijing)

The World > Asia > China > Beijing

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 The double-rin Pavilion of Longevity was comissioned by Qing Emperor QianLong for his mother's 50th birthday. It was originally situated in ZhongNanHai, just south of BeiHai, and moved here in 1978. It is a rather unique and interesting structure, although has nothing to do with the Temple of Heaven in it's original form or function.


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Panorama's in de omgeving van Beijing

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A: Temple of Heaven Park 天坛公园 (1201)

door Dxinwei, 530 hier vandaan

天坛:      1、天坛,在北京市南部,东城区永定门内大街东侧。占地约237万平方米。天坛始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),清乾隆、光绪时曾重修。为明、清两代帝王祭祀皇天、祈祷五谷丰登之场所。自永乐十...

Temple of Heaven Park 天坛公园 (1201)

B: Temple of Heaven-seventy-two gallery 天坛长廊 (1213)

door Dxinwei, 580 hier vandaan

天坛长廊:      天坛长廊,也叫七十二长廊。祈年殿东边,在内墙东门外,有72间走廊,是祈谷寺的附属建筑。为连檐通脊式的一面暖房,北面砌砖南面安设大窗门,俗称“七十二连房”。长廊中部偏北,有五间“神库...

Temple of Heaven-seventy-two gallery 天坛长廊 (1213)

C: Temple of Heaven-East Tianmen 东天门 (1219)

door Dxinwei, 780 hier vandaan

东天门:      天坛公园总占地面积270万平方米,分为内坛和外坛。主要建筑物在内坛,南有圜丘坛。皇穹宇,北有祈年殿、皇乾殿。由丹陛桥将南北两坛连接。外坛古柏苍郁,环绕着内坛。当初,为把天圆地方的形象...

Temple of Heaven-East Tianmen 东天门 (1219)

D: The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace-2008

door jacky cheng, 840 hier vandaan

The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace:The emperor does the palace is prays Gu Tan “the day s...

The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace-2008

E: The Hall of Imperial Zenith 皇乾殿 (1267)

door Dxinwei, 840 hier vandaan

皇乾殿:      皇乾殿,坐落于祈年殿以北,祈年墙环绕的矩形院落里,由三门式琉璃瓦门与祈年殿相同。皇乾殿是一座庑殿式大殿,覆盖蓝色的琉璃瓦,下面有三层汉白玉石栏杆的祈谷石坛基座。它是专为平时供奉“皇天...

The Hall of Imperial Zenith 皇乾殿 (1267)

F: Temple of Heaven / 天坛 /天坛/ Tiāntán/ Northside / facing Temple of Harvest

door Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 850 hier vandaan

The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven (simplified Chinese: 天坛; traditional Chinese: 天壇;...

Temple of Heaven / 天坛 /天坛/ Tiāntán/ Northside / facing Temple of Harvest

G: Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2-2008

door jacky cheng, 850 hier vandaan

the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest:Constructed in the bright Yunglo 18 years (in 1420), initially th...

Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2-2008

H: The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Temple of Heave

door yunzen liu, 850 hier vandaan

The magnificent and colorful Temple of Heaven (TianTan) was where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynas...

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Temple of Heave

I: Temple of Heaven

door Hung-Chin Wang, 860 hier vandaan

The temple was a place which the Ming and Qing dynasties' emperors hold the annual prayer ceremony fo...

Temple of Heaven

J: The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈年殿 (1261)

door Dxinwei, 860 hier vandaan

祈年殿:      祈年殿,始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),初名“大祈殿”,原为矩形大殿,嘉靖二十四年(1545年)改为三重顶圆殿,殿顶覆盖上青、中黄、下绿三色琉璃寓意天、地、万物。清乾隆十六年(17...

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈年殿 (1261)

Dit panorama is genomen in Beijing

Dit is een overzicht van Beijing

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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