Sochi history 1945 - 1985
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Panoramische foto door Dashkov Vladimir EXPERT Genomen 09:30, 07/07/2008 - Views loading...

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Sochi history 1945 - 1985

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Госпитальная база свернула работу в 1946 г. В трудных условиях послевоенной разрухи государство нашло возможность выделить средства для восстановления курорта.
Важную роль в обеспечении отдыха и лечения на курорте играли пансионаты. Большинство из них располагало собственной лечебной базой и являлось лечебно-оздоровительными учреждениями санаторного типа. Начало развиваться гостиничное хозяйство. В 60-е гг. вводятся в эксплуатацию гостиницы: «Ленинград», «Кубань», «Сочи», «Хоста», «Магнолия», «Кавказ», «Горизонт», «Бирюза», «Прибой», а несколько позднее - «Камелия», «Чайка», «Жемчужина», «Москва», «Дагомыс».
В конце 80-х гг. город принимал на отдых и лечение около 5 млн. человек ежегодно, в том числе свыше 200 тыс. иностранных граждан. Бальнеофизиотерапевтическое объединение «Мацеста» в 9 ванных зданиях отпускало свыше 18 тыс. процедур ежедневно. В городе функционировало более 200 санаторно-курортных учреждений на 90 тыс. мест.

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Panorama's in de omgeving van Sochi

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A: Rule about settlement 19 centuries

door Dashkov Vladimir, 10 hier vandaan

Rule about settlement 19 centuries

B: archaeological remains in Sochi

door Dashkov Vladimir, 20 hier vandaan

As scientists consider, the Caucasian isthmus owing to a special geographical position from an extrem...

archaeological remains in Sochi

C: History 1829-1864

door Dashkov Vladimir, 20 hier vandaan

In 1829, after the ending  Russian - turkish war, on Adrianople to the peace treaty, the Black Sea co...

History 1829-1864

D: Animal Caucasus Mountains

door Dashkov Vladimir, 20 hier vandaan

The abundance of green with a plenty of every possible berries, nut coals is created with favourable ...

Animal Caucasus Mountains

E: Germing of a health resort

door Dashkov Vladimir, 20 hier vandaan

Germing of a health resort

F: Black Sea dwellers

door Dashkov Vladimir, 30 hier vandaan

The Black Sea on structure and character of allocation of living organisms is very peculiar and is un...

Black Sea dwellers

G: WWII - Sochi hospital city

door Dashkov Vladimir, 30 hier vandaan

WWII - Sochi hospital city

H: Space Exposition

door Dashkov Vladimir, 30 hier vandaan

At an assistance the honoured citizen V.I. Sevast'yanova history Museum of city-resort of Sochi more ...

Space Exposition

I: Sochi in the second world war-time

door Dashkov Vladimir, 30 hier vandaan

The defenders of Sochi served in a destructive battalion from 05.07.1941 - 12.12.1943.

Sochi in the second world war-time

J: Tower with hours

door Dashkov Vladimir, 390 hier vandaan

The modern building of railway station is accepted in maintenance of September 10 1952 (architect A. ...

Tower with hours

Dit panorama is genomen in Sochi

Dit is een overzicht van Sochi

The first settlers on the territory of Sochi appeared 400-350 thousand years ago in lower Paleolithic age. A plenty of artifacts and archeological monuments were discovered and studied here: caves, open sites, ancient settlements, dolmens, ruins of fortresses and temples, burial grounds and mounds. Archeological works conducted in the area of Sochi denoted the territory as unique in variety, number and concentration of archeological monuments, 200 of which are registered and looked after. Among them are a Roman-Byzantine fortress on the river Godlik, a medieval cathedral in the settlement of Lo’o and etc. 
In the period of 4-1cc BC on the northeast Black Sea coast tribes of Geniokhs inhabited the major part of the area modern Sohi occupies. Aboriginal historical monuments well preserved to our days must be comprehensively studied.
Starting the second half of the 16th century the Caucasus turned into the cockpit for Russia, Turkey and Persia; as the result of the war the Black Sea coast from the mouth of the river Kuban to the fort of Saint Nikolay passed to Russia. Later, in the 19th century several forts were built in Sochi, their ruins are regarded as historical monuments. After the Caucasian war of 1864 the aboriginal population was forced to leave their mother land. Native dwellers were replaced by the Russians, the Ukrainians, the Byelorussians, the Armenians, The Georgians, the Greeks and other nationalities forming a cosmopolite people stock of modern Sochi.
The end of the war marked the beginning of study of the Black Sea coast therapeutic factors. However, Russian government wasn’t able to develop the new lands on its own and, in order to fix the problem, entrepreneurs and businessmen of that time were offered to invest money in the Sochi Region. Russian bourgeoisie saw the true value of the land; that is why so many estates, which used to belong to famous families of the past can still be found in this rich and beautiful land.
An important role in Sochi’s becoming a resort was assigned to the special commission conducting the study, with start in 1898, of the Black Sea coast right from Novorossiysk to Sukhumi. The survey proved that, due to natural resources the Black Sea coast possessed, balneotherapeutic and climatic health resorts could be constructed there.
Sochi got the city status July 31, 1917, when estates of rich Russian noblemen, counts along with imperial mansion Dagomys were determined as a part of the city. In the end of 19 – the beginning of 20cc. the peculiar architecture style of Sochi was being formed. The main principle of the construction implied creation of the city - garden. The architecture style was specified by pavilion-shaped houses special to parks, as architects tried to make the layout of the city and the natural landscape form a perfect whole.
After the revolution of 1917 the city was intensively reconstructed, especially in 1930s. The soviet government sponsored building of numerous sanatoriums, bridges (civil architecture monuments) and other complex facilities. Sochi becomes the all-soviet health resort.
In 1961 Sochi annexed the districts of Adler and Lazarevskoye and, according to the new borders, stretched for over 150 kilometers along the Black Sea coast.
Now Sochi is developing very fast, as it hopes to hold Olympic games-2014.

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