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Temple of Heaven 天坛 (1291)
Beijing

天坛:

      天坛位于北京市崇文区在永定门内大街路东。原是明清两代皇帝祭祀皇天上帝的场所,始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),以后经过不断改扩建,至清乾隆年间最终形成。天坛占地273万平方米,1918年辟为公园。

      天坛分为内、外两坛,内坛由北部圜丘坛和南部祈谷坛组成,一条360米长的丹陛桥连缀两坛,主要建筑就集中在丹陛桥两端,丹陛桥南端有圜丘、皇穹宇,北端有祈年殿、皇乾殿。丹陛桥是一条巨大砖砌高台甬道,是天坛主轴线。丹陛桥东侧建有与天坛祭祀功能相适应的的附属建筑:宰牲亭、神厨、神库、七十二连房等。丹陛桥西侧有斋宫。外坛为林区,广植树木,外坛西南部有神乐府。

      天坛公园有各种树木6万多株,更有3500余株古松柏、古槐,绿地面积达163万平方米,环境森然静谧,气氛肃穆庄严。巍峨壮美的祈年殿,圣洁崇高的圜丘,优雅庄重的斋宫,都掩映在万千古柏树木之中。

      1961年,国务院公布天坛为“全国重点文物保护单位”。1988年被联合国教科文组织确认为“世界文化遗产”。

      这里是丹陛桥西侧古柏绿地。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8362x4181
Geüpload: 10/01/2014
Geüpdatet: 08/08/2014
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