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Terezin main square
Czech Republic
On 10 announced in January 1780 Field Artillery Charles Pellegrini ženijnímu provincial headquarters in Prague, the Emperor Joseph II. decided to defend against the danger of Prussian fortress built in the area of ​​German villages and Kopisty Travčice Ohře River, which was then in honor of the Queen and Empress Maria Theresa named Terezin. In the summer of that year, began excavating the area of ​​building modifications and regulation of the river Odra. 10th October 1780 came into the future strength of the Emperor Joseph II. that laid the foundation stone. According to the ideas and proposals of the French engineering school in Meziéres here over eleven years, has grown the ultimate strength of 18th century. The whole complex consisted of three parts: the main strength, low strength and the lower and upper Retranchement between new and old Ohri a total area of ​​398 ha of land. Elongated octagon with eight pentagonal bastions and the same number kurtin, formed the inner line of fortifications main strength. Around this line was the main trench, which were placed fortification elements of secondary line of defense - pliers, and ravelin kontrgardy. The main ditch was possible, if necessary, all or in part by flooding the gates. The basis of the outer circle of the defense was "covered way", resulting from natural embankment along the entire circumference of the outer wall of the main moat - kontreskarpy, steadies, which were small forts located in the throat aggregators XXVII - XXXVI and flood basin. Places that were not directly protected by water, was riddled with underground maze of corridors mine hearing, and projecting perpendicularly from the main gallery at distances up to 80-meters from the kontreskarpy.
Copyright: Jiří Vodička
Type: Cylindrical
Resolution: 6000x2500
Geüpload: 07/05/2012
Geüpdatet: 03/12/2013
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Tags: squere; city; terezín
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