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The Circular Mound Altar-lamp Post 望灯杆 (1363)
Beijing

望灯杆:

      望灯杆在圜丘坛内、外墙之间的西南角。望灯杆是插在高大的石质望灯台上的,以三根巨大木杆支撑。望灯杆是明朝嘉靖九年设置的,高9丈9尺9寸,现今的据说是嘉庆时保留的,为9丈。古时九丈合现在的28.8米。举行祭天大典时,望灯杆上吊挂直径1.3米、高2.15米的大灯笼,这就是望灯。望灯的蜡烛非常独特,是用四川、云南进贡的黄蜡,经内务府蜡库加工制成高4尺、粗1尺,并铸有龙纹的蜡烛,称为“蟠龙通宵宝蜡”。蟠龙通宵宝蜡燃点的时间可达12小时,既不灭,也不流蜡油,通宵达旦不必剪蜡花。现在只能看见灯杆矗立在西南角,无处寻觅巨大的望灯和蟠龙通宵宝蜡了。

      现在看见完整的望灯杆及石座只有一座,另外两座望灯的灯杆据说被袁世凯拆掉了。袁世凯要做“独一无二”的皇帝,想通过祭天仪式引起人们的注意,故留一去二。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8352x4176
Geüpload: 10/01/2014
Geüpdatet: 08/08/2014
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Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. 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From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. 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