0 Likes

Beijing Dashilan 大栅欄 (169)
Beijing

大栅栏:

      大栅栏是北京前门外一条著名的商业街。地处古老北京中心地段,是南中轴线的一个重要组成部分,位于天安门广场以南,前门大街西侧,从东口至西口全长275米。自1420年(明朝永乐十八年)以来,经过500多年的沿革,逐渐发展成为店铺林立的商业街了。

      大栅栏街巷原名廊房四条,明弘治元年,为了治理京师社会治安,在北京各条街巷门口,设置了木质栅栏,栅栏由所在地点居民出资修建,从此以后直到清朝末年在北京的街道上共修建了一千七百多座栅栏。其中廊房四条的栅栏由商贾出资,格外的大,因而被称为“大栅栏”,久而久之大栅栏取代廊房四条成为这条街的正式名称。光绪二十五年发生火灾,木质栅栏被烧毁,从此以后大栅栏只存其名,直到2000年北京市政府又在大栅栏街口修建了铁艺栅栏,真正的栅栏才又回到大栅栏。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8336x4168
Uploaded: 08/01/2014
Atualizado: 08/08/2014
Visitas:

...


Tags: street
comments powered by Disqus

Dxinwei
Goubuli steamed bun 狗不理 (913)
Michael Chang
Qianmen Shang Yuan Lantern Party(5), Beijing
Michael Chang
Qianmen Shang Yuan Lantern Party(4), Beijing
jacky cheng
Beijing Qianmen Street - "one-stop" Hui old restaurant "-2008
jacky cheng
Qianmen Street in Beijing - Chinese bookstore -2008
mj155
Panorama tmp 1890
mj155
Panorama tmp 1885
Michael Chang
Qianmen Shang Yuan Lantern Party(6), Beijing
Dxinwei
Birthplace of Chinese film 大观楼 (931)
jacky cheng
Beijing Qianmen Street - Quanjude Roast Duck Restaurant -2008
Michael Chang
Qianmen Shang Yuan Lantern Party(7), Beijing
jacky cheng
北京前门大街-正阳桥牌坊(南)-2008
Alessandro Ugazio
Dolceacqua (Imperia)
Andy Alpern
Yodfat: Diwan Saz Concert at Tel Yodfat, Galilee, Israel
Toni Garbasso
Liberation Day
Stefan Geens
Spice suq, Sana'a, Yemen
Willy Kaemena
Funkturm
Jan Vrsinsky
Restoration of Temple V in Tikal
Stefan Geens
Restored mosque in Cairo
Vladimir Georgievskiy
Salamina ferryboat
Alessandro Ugazio
Dolceacqua, narrow streets (caruggi)
Dmitry Sverdlov
Crimea, Yalta, Silver arbor
Vladimir Georgievskiy
Garden of Winter Palace, Petersburg
Jean-Pierre Lavoie
Fireworks and skating rink at Montreal Old Port
Dxinwei
Wuxi Fairy Island 仙岛老君(217)
Dxinwei
Jiuli Lake九鲤湖-通仙桥(067)
Dxinwei
Wild Garden 野芳园 (498)
Dxinwei
Wuxi Xihui Park 锡惠公园(121)
Dxinwei
the Hall of body Benevolence 体仁阁 (409)
Dxinwei
Battle of Shanggao (181) 上高会战
Dxinwei
Badaling Great Wall, Scenic wall “好汉”影壁 (823)
Dxinwei
Qingfeng Park虹道北端(055)
Dxinwei
West Taihu西太湖(009)
Dxinwei
Ancient Culture Street 古文化街 (1045)
Dxinwei
Jin Ao(gold dragon) 金鳌 (1081)
Dxinwei
Changxing Ancient Ginkgo Corridor古银杏长廊-村南山涧(079)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.