Gas chamber and crematorium:
A former ammunition bunker that was a little off, was converted into a crematorium. There also executions were carried out by the Gestapo court martial for Upper Silesia. In the summer of 1941, a ventilation system was installed. Rooms of the crematorium were converted into a gas chamber by proposed several holes in the ceiling. There, 900 Soviet prisoners of war were killed with the insecticide Zyklon B in December 1941 in an action. Also proven is the gasification 400 Incapacitated Jewish forced laborers who were brought in February 1942 from Upper Silesia there. This first and only gas chamber in the main camp was used only until May 1942.
The crematorium itself was in operation until the end of July 1943. Its capacity was not sufficient to after replacement. After the resulting construction documents for the expansion of the main camp in June 1941 and February 1942, it planned to build a new larger crematorium in Auschwitz I. But the order dated October 1941 for five three-muffle ovens at the company JA Topf and Sons was canceled in February 1942; the furnaces were needed for Crematorium II at Auschwitz-Birkenau. The "old crematorium" (or cream. I) was converted into an air raid shelter for the SS guards. The openings were sealed for the pouring of Zyklon B with concrete.
After the war, the Polish authorities made these tags reversed to create a museum visual object. In effect, the filler shown today were created only after 1945. From this fact, pull Holocaust deniers one of their most popular arguments. According to testimony of the time involved in dismantling Poland Adam Zlobnicki the subsequently covered with concrete openings were clearly visible. Photos from the period before the reconstruction demonstrate this point.
It is believed that a total of up to 36000 dead were cremated in the crematorium of Auschwitz. The number of gassed victims at this location is only a small fraction of that.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.