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London Bridge from Riverside Walk West
London

London Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames connecting the City of London and Southwark in central London. Situated between Cannon Street Railway Bridge and Tower Bridge, it forms the western end of the Pool of London. On the south side of the bridge are Southwark Cathedral and London Bridge station; on the north side are the Monument to the Great Fire of London and Monument tube station.


A bridge has existed at or near the present site since the Roman occupation nearly 2000 years ago. The first bridge across the Thames in the London area, probably a military pontoon bridge, was built of wood by the Romans on the present site around AD 50.

The medieval bridge had 19 small arches and a drawbridge with a defensive gatehouse at the southern end. Contemporary pictures show it crowded with buildings of up to seven stories in height.

By the end of the 18th century, it was apparent that the old London Bridge — by then over 600 years old — needed to be replaced. It was narrow and decrepit, and blocked river traffic. The bridge was eventually replaced by a structure of five stone arches, designed by engineer John Rennie. The new bridge was built 100 feet (30 m) west (upstream) of the original site and was opened in 1831.

The current London Bridge was constructed from 1967 to 1972, and opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 17 March 1973. It comprises three spans of prestressed-concrete box girders, a total of 928 feet (283m) long.

The Shard, Europe's tallest building - now nearing completion - can be seen on the south side of the river.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Bridge

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Copyright: Roy Reed
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 9256x4628
Uploaded: 27/01/2012
Atualizado: 07/08/2014
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Tags: bridge; london bridge; shard
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