Ny-Ålesund YC
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Fotografia panorâmica por David Guzenda Criado em 22:27, 12/01/2010 - Views loading...

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Ny-Ålesund YC

The World > Svalbard

Palavras-chave: ny-Ålesund, svalbard, spitsbergen

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Imagens próximas em Svalbard

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A: Yd

Por David Guzenda, 110 metros de distância

Yd

B: Y4

Por David Guzenda, 150 metros de distância

Y4

C: Yb

Por David Guzenda, 180 metros de distância

Yb

D: Y3

Por David Guzenda, 230 metros de distância

Y3

E: Ye

Por David Guzenda, 290 metros de distância

Ye

F: Y2

Por David Guzenda, 300 metros de distância

Y2

G: Y8

Por David Guzenda, 350 metros de distância

Y8

H: Y5

Por David Guzenda, 500 metros de distância

Y5

I: Yf

Por David Guzenda, 520 metros de distância

Yf

J: Y7

Por David Guzenda, 540 metros de distância

Y7

Esta panorâmica foi tirada em Svalbard

Esta é uma visão geral de Svalbard

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic, constituting the northernmost part of Norway.

The islands were first utilized as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which they were abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established. The Spitsbergen Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty, and the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the Kingdom of Norway. This act also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone. The Norwegian Store Norske and the Russian Arktikugol are the only mining companies remaining on the islands. Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries. Two major research facilities are the University Centre in Svalbard and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft and boats serve inter-community transport. Svalbard Airport, Longyear serves as the main gateway to the rest of Europe.

The archipelago features an Arctic climate, although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude. The flora take advantage of the long period of midnight sun to compensate for the polar night. Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and also features polar bears, reindeer and marine mammals. Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, nature. Sixty percent of the archipelago is glacier, and the islands feature many mountains and fjords.

source: wikipedia

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