Ruínas da Antiga Catedral de São Paul...
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Fotografia panorâmica por njohn EXPERT Criado em 04:28, 10/02/2013 - Views loading...


Ruínas da Antiga Catedral de São Paulo 澳門八景-大三巴牌坊

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大三巴牌坊是位於聖保祿山[5]的天主之母教堂(A lgreja da Madre de Deus)前壁。與大炮台及兩者之間的前聖保祿學院為一整體。而「三巴」這個名字是來自於「聖保祿」的葡萄牙文(São Paulo),而「大」是指最大的教堂,故「大三巴」是指「最大的教堂」[2]。聖堂創建於1580年,在1595年和1601年先後兩次失火焚毀。教堂第三次修建由義大利籍耶穌會會士斯皮諾拉神父設計,並於1602年奠基,1635年建成,歷時33年,是當時遠東最大的天主教石建教堂[6]。1762年,葡萄牙政府下令沒收耶穌會財產,天主之母教堂先後被改作軍官宿舍、兵營。[7]1835年1月,教堂起火,最後剩下教堂的前壁。由於教堂前壁形似中國的傳統牌坊,故本地人便稱之為「大三巴牌坊」[4]。1990年代初,政府曾對聖保祿教堂的遺址進行考古調查及修復工作,並發現了當時教堂背後的建築遺址及埋葬教士的墓地。及後在1996年,政府在該遺址建成了天主教藝術博物館與墓室,展出不少澳門教會的珍貴文物[8];同時,也在大三巴牌坊的背部安裝了鐵架樓梯,以供遊人參觀,可是樓梯的鐵架插了在牌坊的結構之內,此舉引來一些文物專家的不滿。在回歸前的澳葡政府已欲將牌坊申報為世界文化遺產,但由於政治及技術因素而未能成功[9]。2005年,中國政府成功向聯合國教科文組織申報世界文化遺產,大三巴牌坊成為澳門歷史城區的一部份[4]。

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Esta panorâmica foi tirada em China, Asia

Esta é uma visão geral de Asia

Asia is the biggest continent on Earth, a darling little gem floating around in space.

Hm, what is Asia? Who's in on it?

China and India are safe bets for Asian nations. Korea, Japan, Thailand, you're fine.

Europe? No. Europe would sort of be on the "Asian continent" if not for those pesky Ural mountains dividing things up in the middle, and then also the whole lineage of kings and wealth and nations and the EU and all that "give me my respect" stuff.
Russia would probably be happiest as its own continent, so for now we'll leave it in "Eurasia" and just hope the natural gas supplies keep flowing.

Pakistan and Afghanistan are dang close to Asia, but politically they show up in "Middle East" news stories an awful lot. Verdict: Eurasia.

I guess we'll actually have to consider everything from Turkey on eastward to be "Eurasian", although the moniker seems overlappitory of the territory.

The Asian economy is now officially raging like a wild furnace of lava that consumes everything in its path. Japan has had the largest individual economy in Asia for decades, but it is forecast that both India and China will outstrip Japan within twenty years.

China is the largest holder of United States debt and is positioned to become the world's next superpower, provided that Godzilla doesn't return and decide to stomp everybody back into the Shang Dynasty.

Text by Steve Smith.

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