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The Circular Mound Altar-lamp Post 望灯杆 (1363)
Beijing

望灯杆:

      望灯杆在圜丘坛内、外墙之间的西南角。望灯杆是插在高大的石质望灯台上的,以三根巨大木杆支撑。望灯杆是明朝嘉靖九年设置的,高9丈9尺9寸,现今的据说是嘉庆时保留的,为9丈。古时九丈合现在的28.8米。举行祭天大典时,望灯杆上吊挂直径1.3米、高2.15米的大灯笼,这就是望灯。望灯的蜡烛非常独特,是用四川、云南进贡的黄蜡,经内务府蜡库加工制成高4尺、粗1尺,并铸有龙纹的蜡烛,称为“蟠龙通宵宝蜡”。蟠龙通宵宝蜡燃点的时间可达12小时,既不灭,也不流蜡油,通宵达旦不必剪蜡花。现在只能看见灯杆矗立在西南角,无处寻觅巨大的望灯和蟠龙通宵宝蜡了。

      现在看见完整的望灯杆及石座只有一座,另外两座望灯的灯杆据说被袁世凯拆掉了。袁世凯要做“独一无二”的皇帝,想通过祭天仪式引起人们的注意,故留一去二。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8352x4176
Uploaded: 10/01/2014
Atualizado: 08/08/2014
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