The monastery of Geghard Armenia
Share
mail
License license
loading...
Loading ...

Fotografia panorâmica por Ernest Tshagharyan Criado em 07:44, 09/01/2013 - Views loading...

Advertisement

The monastery of Geghard Armenia

The World > Asia > Middle East

  • Gostar / Desgostar
  • thumbs up
  • thumbs down

The monastery of Geghard (Armenian: Գեղարդ, meaning spear) is a unique architectural construction in the Kotayk province of Armenia, being partially carved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the main chapel was built in 1215, the monastery complex was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator at the site of a sacred spring inside a cave. The monastery had thus been originally named Ayrivank, meaning "the Monastery of the Cave". The name commonly used for the monastery today, Geghard, or more fully Geghardavank (Գեղարդավանք), meaning "the Monastery of the Spear", originates from the spear which had wounded Jesus at the Crucifixion, allegedly brought to Armenia by Apostle Jude, called here Thaddeus, and stored amongst many other relics. Now it is displayed in the Echmiadzin treasury. The spectacular towering cliffs surrounding the monastery are part of the Azat river gorge, and are included together with the monastery in the World Heritage Site listing. Some of the churches within the monastery complex are entirely dug out of the cliff rocks, others are little more than caves, while others are elaborate structures, with both architecturally complex walled sections and rooms deep inside the cliff. The combination, together with numerous engraved and free-standing khachkars is a unique sight, being one of the most frequented tourist destinations in Armenia. Most visitors to Geghard also choose to visit the nearby Garni temple, a Parthenon-like structure located further down the Azat river. Visiting both sites in one trip is so common that they are often referred to in unison as Garni-Geghard. source:wikipedia

comments powered by Disqus

Imagens próximas em Middle East

map

A: Geghard - Armenia

Por Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 30 metros de distância

Geghard - Armenia

B: Garni Canyon

Por Davit Mirzoyan, 7.3 Km de distância

Garni Canyon is located ~30 km east of capital Yerevan and stretches along the river Azat (Garni) and...

Garni Canyon

C: Vishapalich

Por Davit Mirzoyan, 7.4 Km de distância

Vishapalich is one of the most beautiful and notable lakes of Geghama mountain chain (west of lake Se...

Vishapalich

D: Garni Temple.

Por Andrey Ilyin, 7.6 Km de distância

For other interactive spherical panoramas from my trip around Armenis please check my album Virtual A...

Garni Temple.

E: Garni Temple. View at the canyon.

Por Andrey Ilyin, 7.6 Km de distância

For other interactive spherical panoramas from my trip around Armenis please check my album Virtual A...

Garni Temple. View at the canyon.

F: Garni Temple

Por Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 8.2 Km de distância

Garni Temple

G: Inside Garni Temple

Por Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 8.2 Km de distância

Inside Garni Temple

H: View from summit of mount Spitakasar, 3555 m

Por Vahe Martirosyan, 17.6 Km de distância

View from summit of mount Spitakasar, 3555 m

View from summit of mount Spitakasar, 3555 m

I: View from summit of Gomshasar, 3724 m

Por Vahe Martirosyan, 20.3 Km de distância

View from summit of Gomshasar, 3724 m

J: My World

Por Edgar Martirosyan, 20.3 Km de distância

My World

Esta panorâmica foi tirada em Middle East

Esta é uma visão geral de Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

Compartilhe esta panorâmica