A beautiful panoramic view over the green expanses of Ruhnu opens from the tower, which stands at the highest point of the island, Håubjärre hill.
An elegant red metal lighthouse arises over the forest next to the watchtower.
Only a few quadruped (standing on four legs) lighthouses were built and today it is the only remaining survivor in the Baltic Sea region. Its height is 39,5 metres, which makes its lantern be at 65 metres above sea level. The cast iron construction was prefabricated in France and assembled on Ruhnu in 1877 (the station existed on the island since 1646). It is said to have been designed by Gustave Eiffel and according to the plaque on the lighthouse door it was made in 1875 in Le Havre, in Normandy, France, by the company Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée.
The lighthouse was severely damaged during the World War I, but was repaired, and today this veteran, having seen a great deal of history in his lifetime, is in working order and continues to light up the way for travelers.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.