Bath, Royal Crescent. Bladud's Pigs.
Legend has it that back in history, King Coriolanus's son, Prince Bladud, had a skin disease which was so terrible that he was forced into banishment.
He lived by keeping a herd of pigs - but they too caught the disease. One day, along the banks of the Avon, they happened upon a pool of hot mud and water gushing from the ground. He was surprised to see that the pigs were cured after wallowing in the mud and he tried it for himself - and was cured so he was able to return to the court.
He became King on his father's death, and decided to build his palace on the spot where he was cured.
That is why pigs are important in Bath.
The Author, Jane Austen lived in Bath - but she didn't much like the place. Every year, the city host...
Here is a teenager in mid-air. Like many teenagers, I guess.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.