Union Square
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Fotografie panoramica de Andrei Zdetoveţchi EXPERT Fotografiat 09:37, 19/07/2007 - Views loading...

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Union Square

The World > Europe > Romania > Bucharest

taguri: transit, landmark, park

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Union Square(meaning "Piaţa Unirii" in Romanian) is one of the largest squares in central Bucharest, located in center of the city where Sectors 1, 2, 3, and 4 meet. It is bisected by Unirii Boulevard, originally built during the Communist era as the Boulevard of the Victory of Socialism, and renamed after the Romanian Revolution of 1989.

The square is a significant transport hub, containing the Piaţa Unirii metro station and a major interchange for RATB buses; there is also a tram terminal near the southwest corner. The Unirea Shopping Center is located on the east side of this square, while Hanul lui Manuc is on the north side, near the northeast corner. In the centre of the square there is a small park. There were plans to build the Romanian National Salvation Cathedral on the place of this park, but the idea proved unpopular and the location was changed.

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Imagini apropiate de Bucharest

map

A: Union Place (Piata Unirii)

de T. Emrich, la distanta de 40 metri

Union Place (Piata Unirii)

B: Piata Unirii in Bucuresti

de Michael Pop, la distanta de 90 metri

Piata Unirii in Bucuresti

C: Bucharest Union Square - Aerial 360°

de Adi Mera, la distanta de 100 metri

Bucharest Union Square - Aerial 360°

D: Unirii Square top view

de Valentin Matache, la distanta de 130 metri

Unirii Square top view

E: Europe's Tallest Christmas Tree

de Andrei Zdetoveţchi, la distanta de 200 metri

The Portuguese Millennium BCP Bank, along with Bucharest’s City Hall built the tallest Christmas Tree...

Europe's Tallest Christmas Tree

F: Romania, Bucharest, Hanul Manuc Court

de Thomas Blanket, la distanta de 250 metri

Romania, Bucharest, Hanul Manuc Court

G: Romania, Bucharest, Curtea Veche Undergrounds

de Thomas Blanket, la distanta de 340 metri

The Old Princely Court - Curtea Veche - served as a place or residence during the rule of Vlad III Dr...

Romania, Bucharest, Curtea Veche Undergrounds

H: Church Sfantul Spiridon Nou

de Dan Mirica, la distanta de 380 metri

Church Sfantul Spiridon Nou

I: View from the Union Boulevard

de Andrei Zdetoveţchi, la distanta de 460 metri

Panorama taken on the Union Boulevard, around the middle of the distance between the Union Square and...

View from the Union Boulevard

J: Romania, Bucharest, Old Town, Strada Nicolae Tonitza

de Thomas Blanket, la distanta de 500 metri

Romania, Bucharest, Old Town, Strada Nicolae Tonitza

Aceasta panorama a fost facuta in Bucharest

Aceasta este un ansamblu a Bucharest

Overview and History

Bucharest, Romania was first mentioned in written history around 1459 AD. Since then it has gradually grown in influence, becoming the capital of Romania in 1862 and even earning the title "Paris of the East" for its cultural magnetism.

The city has a population of about two million people and makes up one of the main industrial centers of eastern europe.

The origin of the name Bucharest comes from the legendary outlaw and prince Bucur. Linguistic roots from Albanian and Thracian languages connect that name to words like "beautiful", "glad" and "joyous."

Bucharest was home to Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler in the 15th century. The city was burned down by the Ottomans in the early 17th century, rebuilt, and ravaged by the Plague over the next two hundred years. Battles between the Ottoman empire and the Austrian Hapsburgs saw Bucharest occupied by Austria and also Russia in the eighteenth century.

In 1861 Wallachia and Moldova were united to form the Principality of Romania with Bucharest as its capital. This new region was occupied by Germany during World War One and saw heavy Allied bombing in World War Two. In the middle of the war, Romania joined the Russian side against Germany, and was bombed again, ths time by the Luftwaffe.

Following the wars, Romania was under Communist leadership by Nicolae Ceausescu. His tenure came with the construction of many large Soviet-style buildings which took over the historic districts of the city. He was overthrown in the 1989 revolution.

The 1991 Constitution established Romania as a republic with a multi-party system, market economy and individual rights of free speech, religion and private ownership.

Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.

Getting There

You'll be flying into Henry Coanda International Bucharest Airport, the biggest airport in Romania. Henry Coanda built the world's first jet powered aircraft, did you know that?

The airport is 16km north of the city and connects by bus, taxi and a shuttle bus to the Gara de Nord, Bucharest's main train station.

Transportation

Bucharest has an extensive public transportation system, one of the largest in Europe. There's a Metro along with buses, minibuses, trams, trolleybuses and light rail. They have limited the number of taxi licenses to ten thousand to keep down the traffic problems.

The main train station is called the Gare de Nord and it connects to all the cities in Romania as well as Belgrade, Budapest, Vinena, Prague and Moscow. The commuter rail line is currently being extended to unite it with surrounding counties.

People and Culture

The currency is the Romanian Leu (RON) which exchanges at about 4.3 RON to the Euro at the time of this writing.

The first known art in Romania dates to 10,000 BC as cave paintings in northwest Transylvania. Pottery from the Neolithic Age (4000 BC) has been found widely, all around the country. Around 2000 BC there was a distinct group of Thracian people here, whom the Greeks referred to as "Getae". The Romans called them "Dacians" and Herotodus described them as ""the fairest and most courageous of men," because they believed in the immortality of the soul and were not afraid to die.

Things to do, Recommendations

Rumor has it that Romania sits on one of the world's strongest magnetic lines, and these are responsible for attracting psychics and... wait for it... VAMPIRES to the area!!!

Many "dracula" tours take place in Romania, including such places as Sighisoara, the Snagoc Monastery, Castle Bran and of course, Curtea Domneasca. These sites are all related to the life of Vlad Tepes, the legendary Count Dracula.

Apart from that, Bucharest is known for its large neoclassical buildings and fashionable parks (in their day). Visit Cismigiu Park, Calea Victoriei street and the Royal Palace for a taste of the architectural history.

Text by Steve Smith.

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