نمایشگاه نقاشی و ویدئو رنه صاحب
تولد دوباره زبان فارسی پس از حمله اعراب به ایران، نتیجه تلاش و ممارست شاعرانی نظیر رودکی، دقیقی،فردوسی، عنصری و معاصران آنان میباشد. احیای زبان فارسی نقطه عطفی در بازیافت ارزش ها، تاریخ و سنن ایران باستان تلقی میشود. این انتقال موفق شفاهی فرهنگ ایرانی، مدیون تلاش پیوسته "گوسان ها"* در حفظ قصه ها و اشعار و موسیقی پارسی زبانان ، بخصوص در دو قرن تاریک پس از اشغال ایران است .
بخش بزرگی از فرهنگ ایران شفاها" به نسل های بعدی منتقل شده است. سابقه گرایش ایرانیان در به نظم کشیدن اتفاقات و حالات روزانه به بیش از دو هزاره باز می گردد. یکی از این سنن شعر خوانی و شعر پردازی مربوط به شب یلدا بوده که خانواده ها و دوستان به دور کرسی جمع می شدند و ابتدا با خواندن شعرهای کلاسیک که به تدریج به مضحکه و هجو می گرائید شب را به جشن و شادی می گذراندند. سنت شعر خوانی در شب یلدا همچنان برقرار است ولی مدتهاست که کرسی ها از خانه ها جمع آوری شده اند.
این نمایشگاه که در طولانی ترین شبهای سال برگزار میشود، تلاشی است در احیای سنت کرسی شعر. هنرمند جوان رنه صاحب ، این مجموعه را براساس ضرب المثل ها و گفتار حکیمانه که برگرفته از شعر پارسی است، به تصویر کشیده. این آثار قصه هائی از زبان حیوانات است که با رفتاری شبیه به انسان ها، گفتارهای حکیمانه را از زبان این شخصیت های نمایشی ، بصورت استعاره ای بیان می نمایند. این حیوانات در تک اپیسودها ظاهر میشوند و پندها و آموزه های اخلاقی و اصولی را، نمایش گونه ابراز میدارند. و این خود ادامه سنت "کلیله و دمنه" و "منطق الطیر" عطار نیشابوری و در سالهای اخیر مجموعه محبوب و تحسین برانگیز " شهر قصه" بیژن مفید است.
گوسان : خنیاگر/ هنیواز/ شعروند/شروه خوان/ شرخوان/شاعر. واژه ﭘـﺎرﺗﻲ، ﻣﻌﺎدل ﻣﻌﻨﺎي واژه «ﻫﻨﻴﺎﮔﺮ» در ﻓﺎرﺳﻲ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ و واژه «ﺧﻨﻴـﺎﮔﺮ » در ﻓﺎرﺳـﻲ ﺟﺪﻳـﺪ اﺳـﺖ. ﺻـﺎﺣﺒﺎن ﺳـﻨﺖ ﻫﻨـﺮي ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻘـﻲ و ﭘﻴﭽﻴـﺪه اي ﻣﺮﻛﺐ از ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻪ ﺳﺮاﻳﻲ در ﻧﻈﻢ اﺷﻌﺎر، ﻣﻬـﺎرت در نواختن ساز و استادی در خواندن ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ و آواز ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﻤﺘﺪي در ﺣﻮزه ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ و ﻫﻨﺮ اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ و ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﻪ اﺗﻔﺎق، ﮔﻤﻨﺎم و ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎس . ﻋﻤﺪه ﺗﺮﻳﻦ وﻳﮋﮔﻲ ﻫﻨﺮ ﮔﻮﺳﺎﻧﻲ را ﺑﺎ ﻳﺪ در ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ ﺳﻪ ﻫﻨـﺮ ﺷـﻌﺮ، ﻣﻮﺳـﻴﻘﻲ و آواز ﺑـﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺪاﻫﻪ ﭘﺮدازي داﻧﺴﺖ و ﻫﺪف ﻫﻨﺮ ﮔﻮﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻴﺶ از ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ اﻳﺠﺎد ﺷـﻮر و ﻫﻴﺠـﺎن در ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎن ﺑﻮده اﺳﺖ . در اﻳﺮان ﭘﻴﺶ از اﺳﻼم، ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ و ﺷﻮاﻫﺪي از وﺟﻮد ﮔﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎن و ﺗﺪاوم ﺳﻨﺖ ﮔﻮﺳﺎﻧﻲ از دوره ﻣﺎدﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻴﺎن وﺟﻮد دارد. ( گوسان پارسی – پژوهش جهانگیر نصری اشرفی چاپ 1385 نشر سوره مهر و همچنین برگرفته از فصلنامه پژوهشهای ادبی سال 7 شماره 26 زمستان 1388 )
Solo exhibition of Rene Saheb.
The rebirth of our language in its new form after Arab invasion is accredited to grand poets such as Rudaki, Daghighi, Ferdowsi, Unsuri and many others. They used poetry to revive not only the language but the values, history and customs of Ancient Persia. However it was the successful oral transfer of Persian history, by performing groups or individuals, called “Gusans” that laid the foundation and carried the burden particularly in the two centuries after the invasion.
A great part of Iranian heritage is carried through orally and the ability and tendency to versify every day expressions is a two millennia practice. One such practice was reciting poetry during the longest night of the year, the Eve of Yalda*, with family and friends sitting around a stool like frame of wood, covered with blankets, under which a fire was placed for heating. These stools are called “Korsi”. The tradition of “Korsi Sher” was recitation of classical poetry which could easily become satirical and humorous once the night dragged on. The poetry reading of this tradition is still alive but Korsi’s are removed from households.
This exhibition coinciding with the longest nights of the year, in its own way is an attempt at reviving the tradition of Korsi-Shehr. Rene Saheb the young artist present a series of works that are based on proverbs inspired by the poetry of Iran. They are fables, animal tales with a moral, dramatic personae that behave like people, communicating ideas or truth in a metaphorical manner. These animals appear in mono episodes and their ethical and moral teachings are interpretation or continuation of another age old tradition that started with the legendry book of “Kalila Wa Demna” and “ The City of Birds” of Poet Attar Nishapuri, and recently the much admired “City of Tales” of Bijan Mofid.
* Gusans: poets and musicians, a well respected social class in pre Islam Iran, who had the combined responsibility of memorizing and reciting old poetry often with historical subtext as well as musical entertainment. The origins of word is Parthian and the tradition dates back to Median era.
* The Eve of the Yalda has great significance in the Persian calendar. Shab-e Yalda is a time of joy and celebration. The night marks the birth date of Mithra,( who was born out of the light that came from within the Alborz mountains), and has been celebrated as the triumph of the sun god over the powers of darkness.
Centuries after the cave people of the Persian Plateau came together to watch the sunrise, today family and friends gather to feast and recite poetry and tell stories .
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.