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Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Dongxia Pond 刘家宗祠 (308067)

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东下塘:

      东下塘位于常州春秋古运河南岸,东起琢初桥,西至弋桥,与青果巷隔河相望。淘沙巷、乌衣浜、三将军弄、赵家弄这些古朴深邃的里弄小巷已不复存在。

      古时,此地为城南郊,有荆溪河(或曰南邗沟)枕古运河通宜兴县,弋桥东的“荆溪馆”故得名。荆溪河东有座园林名“东山亭”,堪比苏州“沧浪亭”。宋末,弋桥为战略要冲,元兵20万遇到“纸城铁人”常州2万守城军民的顽强抵抗,城南烽燹,破城后,生灵涂炭,古城仅存七人,古村仅剩房十八间。明清时期,东下塘一带遂有“旧时王谢堂前燕,飞入寻常百姓家”之景象。

      这条古运河历史上曾名“运河、前河、市河”,吴王夫差(公元前495年)主持开凿自苏州-无锡-常州-奔牛-孟河出长江的江南古运河,隋炀帝拓宽后成为京杭大运河的组成部分,一度宽达十余丈。因水而城,水运城盛,城水相依,岁月荏苒,京杭运河常州段几次南移改道,遂有“前河、市河”之称。常州城内东起舣舟亭,西至西水关的这段古运河已经孕育了常州2507年。

      此为东下塘东端,刘家宗祠,另或为梅家宗祠。

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Описание для места - jiangsu

Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally.

The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.

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