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Фотограф: Tibor Illes EXPERT MAESTRO Время съемки: 15:30, 13/03/2009 - Views loading...

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Unitarian church

The World > Europe > Hungary > Csongrád County > Hodmezovasarhely

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Short history:

In Hódmezővásárhely the revival of Unitarianism started in the spring of 1879, when a few Lutheran and Reformed people left their own church and chose the Unitarian faith. Their teacher was Nagy Tamás, a school teacher who spread the Unitarian faith and educated the people. After 5 years these people established the Unitarian church.

The first service was help on May 17, 1880 by Nagy Lajos,  district dean of Kolozsvár. This generated widespread interest in favor of the Unitarians.

In the beginning they held 3 services a year, but later, by 1884 they had a Sunday service every month. The visiting minister was Derzsi Károly from Budapest. More and more people were interested in this new faith.

Another reason for growth was that a prominent local person, Kovács József, became Unitarian with his whole family in 1890 , and became the biggest benefactor of the church.

The congregation first built a meeting house and a school, which in 1891 had 70 students.

By 1893 the church had 527 members.

In 1910 they build the Gothic style church with its 32 meter high tower.

The First World War diminished the congregation and the church activity. The war took the bell and the organ pipes.

In 1920 life started all over again: they bought a bell and 60 acres of land to maintain the church and its ministers. The minister was Biró Lajos and church life expanded beyond the city limits, including other cities, such as: Szeged, Békés, Békéscsaba, Gyula, and Orosháza.

In 1957 the church lost its property because of nationalization, and the church and ministers struggled for their existence. Jakab Jenő was their minister for 8 years, then left; when Kelemen Miklós was the minister, he had to have another job besides the ministry to assure the necessary income. For 10 year the church had no minister.

The situation changed in 1986, when a new minister arrived in the person of Kiss Mihály. He started to rebuild the spiritual the life of the church. Currently the congregation is growing, strengthening, church attendance is growing.

In September, 2004 there was a new church dedication, celebrating the church repairs and the 125th anniversary of the congregation (from 1879 ).

Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's border almost six thousand year diagnosis bands were revealed.

The village and his neighbourhood became depopulated totally quasi on the time of the Turkish foreign occupation, the slow one began after the Turkish's expulsion only relocating back. The city and his neighbourhood were the Károly family's possessions in the 1700 years.

Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) a city with a rurban character, the settlement with a big border expanded it is surrounded by system of farms.

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Ближайшие панорамы - Hodmezovasarhely

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A: Ancient monument buildings

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Ancient monument buildings

B: Synagogue

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Synagogue

C: Synagogue main entrace

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Synagogue main entrace

D: Synagogue foyer

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Synagogue foyer

E: Synagogue

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Synagogue

F: Synagogue

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Synagogue

G: Saint Istvan square

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Saint Istvan square

H: Holocaust Memorial Museum

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Holocaust Memorial Museum

I: Baroque reformed new church and ornament well Artesian

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Baroque reformed new church and ornament well Artesian

J: Saint Istvan square Catholic church

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Hodmezovasarhely (Hódmezővásárhely) was place lived in in the prehistoric age already. In the city's ...

Saint Istvan square Catholic church

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Описание для места - Hungary

Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország, in English officially the Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság), literally Magyar (Hungarian) Republic), is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU, V4 and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, which is part of the Finno-Ugric family, thus one of the four official languages of the European Union that are not of Indo-European origin.

Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (9 AD – c. 430) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian ruler Árpád, whose great-grandson Stephen I of Hungary was crowned with a crown sent from Rome by the pope in 1000. After being recognized as a kingdom, Hungary remained a monarchy for 946 years, and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centers of the Western world. A significant power until the end of World War I, Hungary lost over 70% of its territory, along with 3.3 million people of Hungarian ethnicity, under the Treaty of Trianon, the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary. Hungary lost eight of its ten biggest cities as well. The kingdom was succeeded by a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal move of opening its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic (since 1989). Today, Hungary is a high-income economy, and a regional leader regarding certain markers.

In the past decade, Hungary was listed as one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world. The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).

Slightly more than one half of Hungary's landscape consists of flat to rolling plains of the Pannonian Basin: the most important plain regions include the Little Hungarian Plain in the west, and the Great Hungarian Plain in the southeast. The highest elevation above sea level on the latter is only 183 metres.

Transdanubia is a primarily hilly region with a terrain varied by low mountains. These include the very eastern stretch of the Alps, Alpokalja, in the west of the country, the Transdanubian Medium Mountains, in the central region of Transdanubia, and the Mecsek Mountains and Villány Mountains in the south. The highest point of the area is the Írott-kő in the Alps, at 882 metres.

The highest mountains of the country are located in the Carpathians: these lie in the northern parts, in a wide band along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes at 1,014 m/3,327 ft).

Hungary is divided in two by its main waterway, the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Tisza and Dráva, while Transdanubia contains Lake Balaton, a major body of water. The largest thermal lake in the world, Lake Hévíz (Hévíz Spa), is located in Hungary. The second largest lake in the Pannonian Basin is the artificial Lake Tisza (Tisza-tó).

Phytogeographically, Hungary belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Hungary belongs to the ecoregion of Pannonian mixed forests.

Hungary has a Continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and frigid to cold snowy winters. Average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Temperature extremes are about 42 °C (107.6 °F) in the summer and −29 °C (−20.2 °F) in the winter. Average temperature in the summer is 27 °C (80.6 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) and in the winter it is 0 °C (32 °F) to −15 °C (5.0 °F). The average yearly rainfall is approximately 600 mm (23.6 in). A small, southern region of the country near Pécs enjoys a reputation for a Mediterranean climate, but in reality it is only slightly warmer than the rest of the country and still receives snow during the winter.

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